Coronary Angiography

  • J. Haase
  • N. Reifart


Since the introduction of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) by Andreas Grüntzig in 1977, assessment of coronary artery morphology by contrast angiograms has represented the standard technique to visualize coronary artery stenoses before, during, and following any interventional procedure [1]. It has been well established that the angiographic appearance of coronary artery lesions does not directly reflect their hemodynamic significance as investigated by Doppler flow measurements [2]; in addition, it does not allow assessment of the atherosclerotic process within the arterial wall as demonstrated by intravascular ultrasound [3]. In spite of this, however, the angiographic approach is the most rapid technique for assessing the result of coronary angioplasty and provides the operator with the immediate information on lesion morphology following PTCA [4].


Left Anterior Descend Coronary Angioplasty Chronic Total Occlusion Coronary Artery Lesion Coronary Artery Segment 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Haase
  • N. Reifart

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