Functional Approaches to Biodiversity in the Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems of Central Chile

  • E. R. Fuentes
  • G. Montenegro
  • P. W. Rundel
  • M. T. K. Arroyo
  • R. Ginocchio
  • F. M. Jaksic
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 109)

Abstract

The political boundaries of Chile coincide with topographic features that are also biogeographic boundaries. To the east lies the formidable barrier of the high Cordillera de los Andes. Although major uplifting of this range dates back to the middle Tertiary, the Andes remain tectonically active today, and only in the south are there mountain passes low enough to provide potential migration routes for plants and animals between Chile and Argentina. The severe climatic regime of Patagonia to the south allows only a relatively small number of plants and animals to survive. The hyper-arid Atacama Desert to the north effectively limits the interchange of species with northern subtropical regions. The Pacific Ocean to the west provides the final isolating barrier. Thus, although the biota of Chile has had many origins that date back to Gondwanaland, the region remains biogeographically isolated.

Keywords

Cellulose Lignin Charcoal Hunt Pleistocene 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. R. Fuentes
  • G. Montenegro
  • P. W. Rundel
  • M. T. K. Arroyo
  • R. Ginocchio
  • F. M. Jaksic

There are no affiliations available

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