• K. Pummer
Conference paper
Part of the ESO Monographs book series (ESO MONOGRAPHS)


Interferons were first discovered in 1957 by Isaacs and Lindenmann [1]. They are proteins produced by cells in response to virus infection, and they can confer resistance to attack by a wide range of viruses in a species-specific way. As soon as their importance in the regulation of immune responses as well as their involvement in the control of cell growth and differentiation had been recognised, the possibility of growth inhibition in cancer was suggested. Following the successful cloning of the interferon genes, in 1982 the first recombinant human interferons were produced on a commercial scale, allowing extensive research during the last ten years.


Renal Cell Carcinoma Biological Modulation Central Nervous System Toxicity Cancer Treatment Report Successful Cloning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Balkwill FR: Side-effects of interferon therapy. In: Balkwill FR (ed) Cytokines in Cancer Therapy. Oxford University Press, New York 1989 pp 44–45Google Scholar
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    Kurzrock R, Quesada JR, Rosenblum MG, Sherwin SA, Gutterman JU: Phase I study of i.v. administered γ interferon in cancer patients. Cancer Treatment Reports 1986 (70): 1357–1363Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Pummer
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitätsklinik für UrologieKarl Franzens UniversitätGrazAustria

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