The Molecular Biology of Fruit Ripening
The past 15 years has witnessed an explosion in the number of research papers utilising techniques of molecular biology to answer questions about the developmental regulation of gene expression in higher plants. This paper will draw on research in the authors’ laboratory utilizing the tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) as a model plant and the process of fruit ripening as a clearly defined developmental system which has been used to examine the regulation and biochemical function of specific changes in gene expression [for review see 9]. We shall provide an overview of the development of techniques for isolation, identification and subsequent manipulation of expression of individual genes implicated in the process of fruit ripening and show how manipulation of individual genes is of use both in fundamental and applied research on food crops.
KeywordsTransgenic Plant Tomato Fruit Ethylene Biosynthesis Transgenic Tomato Antisense Gene
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