Advertisement

Polyphase Coalification in French Intermontane Coal Basins of the Late Carboniferous

  • L. Courel
  • X. B. Liu
  • H. Wang
Part of the Special Publication of the European Association of Petroleum Geoscientists book series (3148, volume 4)

Abstract

In intermontane coal basins the organic matter maturation rate varies greatly with geodynamic conditions. The Stephanian basin of the Cevennes is a small hyperthermic basin which underwent early major faulting. The Westphalian-Stephanian basin of the Lorraine is larger, with minor early tectonic activity.

In the Cevennes basin, coalification was controlled during the filling stage by basement topographic irregularities and heat-flow distribution in fault zones. The Rouvergue paleohorst acted as a hot zone. In the Lorraine basin, heterogeneity in coal-rank distribution is directly linked to variations in geothermal conductivity, which depends on lithology and mainly on the dip of the strata.

In intermontane coal basins, geothermal gradients vary significantly in space and time. Hyperthermic conditions are characteristic of the filling stage and are chiefly linked to heat-flow circulation controlled by lineaments. In the Lorraine basin, present geothermal gradients are distinctly higher along anticlinal axes than along syncline axes. This characteristic is mainly concerned with coalification of younger seams which underwent major post-folding maturation.

The geothermal history of intermontane coal-basins is polyphase. During successive filling, folding and covering stages, maturation conditions varied considerably, depending on where the coal seams were situated in the basin and also according to their stratigraphic position.

Keywords

Coal Seam Volatile Matter Late Carboniferous Coal Basin Filling Stage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alpern B (1967) Quelques applications géologiques du pouvoir réflecteur des charbons. Document intérieur Charbonnages de France. n ˚ 17-68, Rapport en dépôt à INERIS, Verneuil en Halatte 22 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Arthaud F, Mégard F, Séguret M (1977) Cadre tectonique de quelques bassins sédimentaires. Bull Cent Rech Expl Prod Elf-Aquitaine 1: 147–188Google Scholar
  3. Berquer C (1986) Pétrologie des charbons de deux bassins limniques du Massif Central français (Blanzy-Montceau et Messeix); exemples d’hyperthermies locales. Thèse Univ Lille. 184 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Blanc G, Doligez B, Lajat D. Mascle A (1991) Evaluation du potentiel pétrolier des formations paléozoïques de la Bresse et de la bordure jurassienne. Bull Soc Géol Fr 162: 409–422Google Scholar
  5. Bustin RM, England JD (1989) Timing of organic maturation (coalification) relative to thrust faulting in the southeastern Canadian Cordillera. Int J Coal Geol 13: 327–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bustin RM, Moffat I (1989) Semiathracite, anthracite and metaanthracite in the central Canadian Cordillera: their geology ,characteristics and coalification historv. Int J Coal Geol 13:303–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clayton JL, Rice DD, Michael GE (1991) Oil generating coals of the San Juan basin, New Mexico and Colorado, USA. Org Geochem 17, 6: 735–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Courel C, Liu XB (1991) Variations in the geothermal history in coal basins; relationship with basin dynamics. Bull Soc Géol Fr 162, 2: 363-370Google Scholar
  9. Delénin B (1990) Dynamique du remplissage du bassin stéphanien des Cévennes. Structuration et mise en cause des charriages. Thèse Univ Dijon, 217 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Délénin P, Clermonté J, Courel L, Dumain M, Laversanne J (1988) Remise en cause des charriages dans le bassin houiller stéphanien des Cévennes (Gard, France). C R Acad Sci Paris 307, 11: 1237–1243Google Scholar
  11. Doligez B, Ungerer P, Chenet PY, Burrus J, Bessereau G (1987) Numeral modeling of sedimentation, heat transfer, hydrocarbon formation and fluid migration in the Viking graben, North Sea. In: Brooks J, Glennie KW (eds) Petroleum geology of north west Europe. Graham & Trotman, London, pp 1039–1048Google Scholar
  12. Donsimoni M (1981) Le bassin houiller lorrain. Synthèse géologique. Mém Bur Rech Géol Min 17: 68Google Scholar
  13. Fowler MG, Gentzis T, Goodarzi F, Foscolos AE (1991) The petroleum potential of some Tertiary lignites from Northern Greece as determined using pyrolysis and organic petrologi-cal techniques. Org Geochem 6: 805–826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frère I (1984) Le bassin stéphanien des Cévennes (Gard). Dynamique du remplissage -place du charbon -Cinérites. Thèse Univ Dijon, 172 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Gable R (1984) Température, gradient et flux de chaleur terrestre, mesures et interprétation. Thèse Univ Paris VI, 183 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Gable R, Disson D, Donsimoni M (1983) Etude thermique du bassin houiller lorrain. Approche théorique et expérimentale. Convention BRGM (HBL, 15 pp Book in deposit in Bureau Recherches Géologiques et Minières, Orléans).Google Scholar
  17. Hacquebard PA, Cameron AP (1989) Distribution and coalifi-cation patterns in Canadian bituminous and anthracite coals. IntJ Coal Geol 13: 207–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalkreuth W, Langenberg W, McMechan M (1989) Regional coalification pattern of Lower Cretaceous coal-bearing strata, Rocky Mountain Foothills and foreland, Canada -implications for future exploration. Int J Coal Geol 13: 261–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Langenberg W, Kalkreuth W (1991) Tectonic controls on regional coalification and vitrinite reflectance anisotropy of Lower Cretaceous coals in the Alberta Foothills, Canada. Bull Soc Géol Fr 162, 2: 375–383Google Scholar
  20. Liu XB (1990) La qualité des charbons dans le bassin houiller de Lorraine. Thèse Univ Dijon, 258 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Mascle A (1989) Géologie pétrolière des bassins permiens français. Comparaison avec les bassins permiens du Nord de l’Europe. Chron Rech Min 499: 69–96Google Scholar
  22. Middleton MF, Hunt JW (1989) Influence of tectonics on Permian coal-rank patterns in Australia. Int J Coal Geol 13: 391–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pagel M (1992) Paleofluids and thermal history along the Ardèche margin through the Balazuc -1 drill hole (GPF program). Int Symp Continental Scientific Drilling Programs, Paris, 1992, AbstrGoogle Scholar
  24. Pickel W, Gotz GKE (1991) Investigations on the petroleum generation potential of bituminous coals from the Saar region. Org Geochem 6: 695–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robert P (1985) Histoire géothermique et diagenèse organique. Bull Cent Rech Expl Prod Elf-Aquitaine 8: 345Google Scholar
  26. Robert P (1989) The thermal setting of Carboniferous basins in relation to the Variscan orogeny in central and western Europe. In: Lyons PC, Alpern B (eds) Coal: classification, coalification, mineralogy, trace elements, chemistry, and oil and gas potential. Int J Coal Geol 13: 171–206Google Scholar
  27. RobertP, Berquer C, Courel L, Kubler B, Robert P (1988) Anomalie thermique précoce dans le bassin houiller stéphanien de Messeix-Singles. Massif Central français. Sci Géol Bull 41, 3–4: 333–349Google Scholar
  28. Sachsenhofer RF (1991) Geological setting and coalification of intermontane basins of the eastern Alps (Tertiary, Austria). Bull Soc Géol Fr 162, 2: 371–374Google Scholar
  29. Schmitz U, Wenzlow B (1990) Maturity anomalies of the western Lower Saxony Basin in their regional geological context. Z Geol Paläontol 1, 8: 1091–1103Google Scholar
  30. Snyman CP, Barclay J (1989) The coalification of South African coal. Int J Coal Geol 13: 375–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Takahashi R, Aihara A (1989) Characteristic nature of sedimentation and coalification in the Tertiary system of the Japanese Islands. Int J Coal Geol 13: 437–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Teichmüller M (1981) Origin of the petrographic constituents of coal. In: Stach E (ed) Coal Petrology. Gebr Bornträger, Berlin, 535 ppGoogle Scholar
  33. Teichmüller M, Teichmüller R (1966) Die Inkohlung im saarlothringischen Karbon, verglichen mit der im Ruhr-Karbon. Z Dtsch Geol Ges 117: 243–279Google Scholar
  34. Teichmüller M, Teichmüller R, Bartenstein H (1984) Inkohlung und Erdgas -eine neue Inkohlungskarte der KarbonOberfläche in Nordwestdeutschland. Fortschr Geol Rheinl Westfalen 32: 11–34Google Scholar
  35. Van Krevelen DW (1961) Coal typology -chemistry -physics -constitution. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang H (1991) Dynamique sedimentaire structuration et houillification dans le bassin houiller stéphanien des Cévennes. Thèse Univ Dijon, 266 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Courel
  • X. B. Liu
  • H. Wang

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations