The Ets family of transcription factors

  • Bohdan Wasylyk
  • Soonjung L. Hahn
  • Antoine Giovane
Part of the EJB Reviews book series (EJB REVIEWS, volume 1993)


Interest in the Ets proteins has grown enormously over the last decade. The v-ets oncogene was originally discovered as part of a fusion protein expressed by a transforming retrovirus (avian E26), and later shown to be transduced from a cellular gene. About 30 related proteins have now been found in species ranging from flies to humans, that resemble the vEts protein in the so-called ‘ets domain’. The ets domain has been shown to be a DNA-binding domain, that specifically interacts with sequences containing the common core trinucleotide GGA. Furthermore, it is involved in protein—protein interactions with co-factors that help determine its biological activity. Many of the Ets-related proteins have been shown to be transcription activators, like other nuclear oncoproteins and anti-oncoproteins (Jun, Fos, Myb, Myc, Rel, p53, etc.). However, Ets-like proteins may have other functions, such as in DNA replication and a general role in transcription activation.


Ternary Complex Activation Domain Polyoma Virus Ets2 Expression Ets2 mRNA 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



a transformation-specific protein produced by the gene ets first discovered in the E26 avian erythroblastosis virus evythroblastosis Virus

ets domain

part of the Ets protein which is found in Ets proteins from various species

ets motif

specifically bound by the DNA sequence specifically bound by Ets proteins


serum-response factor


the fos-AP1 motif.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albagli, O., Flourens, A., Crepieux, P., Begue, A., Stehelin, D. & LePrince, D. (1992) Oncogene 7, 1435–1439.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Angel P & Karin M. (1991) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1072, 129–157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Anton, I. A. & Frampton, J. (1988) Nature 336, 719.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Asano, M., Murakami, Y., Furukawa, K., Yamaguchi-Iwai, Y., Sa-take, M. & Ito, Y. (1990) J. Virol. 64, 5927–5938.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Aurigemma, R. E., Blair, D. G. & Ruscetti, S. K. (1992) J. Virol. 66, 3056–3061.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ben-David, Y., Giddens, E. B., Letwin, K. & Bernstein, A. (1991) Genes Dev. 5, 908–918.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bhat, N. K., Fisher, R. J., Fujiwara, S., Ascione, R. & Papas, T. S. (1987) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 84, 3161–3165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Bhat, N. K., Komschlies, K. L., Fujiwara, S., Fisher, R. J., Mathie-son, B. J., Gregorio, T. A., Young, H. A., Kasik, J. W. & Ozato, K (1989) J. Inamunol. 142, 672–678.Google Scholar
  9. Bhat, N. K., Thompson, C. B., Lindsten, T., June, C. H., Fujiwara, S., Koizumi, S., Fisher, R. J. & Papas, T. S. (1990) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 87, 3723–3727.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bosselut, R., Duvall, J. F., Gégonne, A., Bailly, M., Hémar, A., Brady, J. & Ghysdael, J. (1990) EMBO J. 9, 3137–3144.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Boulukos, K. E., Pognonec, P., Begue, A., Galibert, F., Gesquiere, J. C., Stehelin, D. & Ghysdael, J. (1988) EMBO J. 7, 697–705.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Boulukos, K. E., Pognonec, P., Rabault, B., Begue, A. & Ghysdael, J. (1989) Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 5718–5721.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Boulukos, K. E., Pognonec, P., Sariban, E., Bailly, M., Lagrou, C. & Ghysdael, J. (1990) Genes. Dei 4, 401–409.Google Scholar
  14. Bruder, J. T. & Hearing, P. (1991) J. Virol. 65, 5084–5087.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Bruder, J. T., Heidecker, G. & Rapp, U. R. (1992) Genes Dev. 6, 545–556.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Burdett, L. A., Qi, S., Chen, Z., Lautenberger, J. A. & Papas, T. S. (1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 20, 371.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Burtis, K. C., Thummel, C. S., Jones, C. W., Karim, F. D. & Hogness, D. S. (1990) Cell 61, 85–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Cassil, J. A. & Subramani, S. (1988) Virology 166, 175–185.Google Scholar
  19. Chen, J. H. (1985) Mol. Cell. Biol. 5, 2993–3000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Chen, J. H. (1988) Oncogene Res. 2, 371–384.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Chen, J. H. (1990) Oncogene Res. 5, 277–285.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Chen, Z-Q., Kan, N. C., Pribyl, L., Lautenberger, J. A., Moudrianakis, E. & Papas, T. (1988) Dev. Biol. 125, 432–440.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Chen, Z-Q., Burdett, L. A., Seth, A. K., Lautenberger, J. A. Papas, T. S. (1990) Science 250, 1416–1418.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Chen, T., Bunting, M., Karim, F. D. & Thummel, C. S. (1992a) Deve. Biol. 151, 176–191.Google Scholar
  25. Chen, J. H., Jeha, S. & Oka, T. (1992b) Oncogene 7, in the press.Google Scholar
  26. Clevers, H. C., Dunlap, S., Wileman, T. E. & Terhorst, C. (1988) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 85, 8156–8160.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Clipstone, N. A. & Crabtree, G. R. (1992) Nature 357, 695–697.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Dalton, S. & Treisman, R. (1992) Cell 68, 597–612.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Delattre, O., Zucman, J., Plougastel, B., Desmaze, C., Melot, T., Peter, M., Kovar, H., Joubert, I., De Jong, P., Rouleau, G., Aurias, A. & Thomas, G. (1992) Nature 359, 162–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. DePamphilis, M. L. (1992) Adv. Dev. Biochem. 1, 99–246.Google Scholar
  31. Domenget, C., LePrince, D., Pain, B., Peyrol, S., Li, R. P., Stehelin, D., Samarut, J. & Jurdic, P. (1992) Oncogene, in the press.Google Scholar
  32. Dudek, H., Tantravahi, R. V., Rao, V. N., Reddy, E. S. P. & Reddy, E. P. (1992) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 89, 1291–1295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Duterque-Coquillard, M., LePrince, D., Flourens, A., Henry, C., Ghysdael, J., Debuire, B. & Stehelin, D. (1988) Oncogene Res. 2, 335–344.Google Scholar
  34. Fisher, C. L., Ghysdael, J. & Cambier, J. C. (1991a) J. bnmunol. 146, 1743–1749.Google Scholar
  35. Fisher, R. J., Mavrothalassitis, G., Kondoh, A. & Papas, T. S. (1991) Oncogene 6, 2249–2254.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Flanagan, W. M., Corthesy, B., Bram, R. J. & Crabtree, G. R. (1991) Nature 352, 803–807.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Forrest, D. & Curran, T. (1992) Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 2, 19–27.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Fujiwara, S., Fisher, R. J., Bhat, N. K., Diaz de la Espina, S. M. & Papas, T. S. (1988) Mol. Cell. Biol. 8, 4700–4706.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Fujiwara, S., Koizumi, S., Fisher, R. J., Bhat, N. K. & Papas, T. S. (1990) Mol. Cell. Biol. 10, 1249–1253.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Gabrielsen, O. S., Sentenac. A. & Fromageot, P. (1991) Science 253, 1140–1143.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Gegonne, A., Punyammalee, B., Rabault, B., Bosselut, R., Seneca, S., Crabeel, M. & Ghysdael, J. (1992) New Biologist 4, 512–519.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Ghysdael, J., Gegonne, A., Pognonec, P., Dernis, D., LePrince, D. & Stehelin, D. (1986) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 83, 1714–1718.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Gitlin, S. D., Bosselut, R., Gegonne, A. Ghysdael J., & Brady, J. N. (1991) J. Virol. 65, 5513–5523.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Golay, J., Introna, M. & Graf, T. (1988) Cell 55, 1147–1158.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Goto, M., Tamura, T., Mikoshiba, K., Masamune, Y. & Nakanishi, Y. (1991) Nucleic Acids. Res. 19, 3959–3963.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Goyns, M. H., Hann, I. M., Stewart, J., Gegonne, A. & Birnie, G. D. (1987) Br. J. Cancer 56, 611–613.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Graf, T. (1992) Curl: Opin. Genet. Dei 2, 249–255.Google Scholar
  48. Gunther, C. V., Nye, J. A., Bryner, R. S. & Graves, B. J. (1990) Genes Dev. 4, 667–679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Guo, Z-S. & DePamphilis, M. L. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 2514–2524.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Gutman, A. & Wasylyk, B. (1990) EMBO J. 9, 2241–2246.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Gutman, A. & Wasylyk, B. (1991) Trends Genet. 7, 49–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Gutman, A., Wasylyk, C. & Wasylyk, B. (1991) Mol. Cell. Biol. 11, 5381–5387.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Higgins, D. G. & Sharp, P. M. (1988) Gene 73, 237–244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Hipskind R. A., Rao V. N., Mueller, C. G. F., Reddy, E. S. P. & Nordheim, A. (1991) Nature 354, 531–534.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Ho, I-C, Bhat, N. K., Gottschalk, L. R., Lindsten, T., Thompson, C. B., Papas, T. S. & Leiden, J. M. (1990) Science 250, 814–818.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Jain, J., McCaffrey, R G., Valge-Archer, V. E. & Rao, A. (1992) Nature 356, 801–804.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Janknecht, R. & Nordheim, A. (1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 20, 3317–3324.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Jolliff, K., Li, Y. & Johnson, L. F. (1991) Nucleic Acids Res. 19, 2267–2274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Jones, C. W., Dalton, M. W. & Townley, L. H. (1991) Genetics 127, 535–543.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Jorcyk, C. L., Watson, D. K., Mavrothalassitis, G. J. & Papas, T. S. (1991) Oncogene 6, 523–532.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Karim, F. D. & Thummel, C. S. (1991) Genes Dev. 5, 1067–1079.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Karim, F. D., Urness, L. D., Thummel, C. S., Klemsz, M. J., McKercher, S. R., Celada, A., van Beveren, C., Maki, R. A., Gunther, C. V., Nye, J. A., Graves, B. J. (1990) Genes Dev. 4, 1451–1453.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Kato, G. J., Lee, W. M. F., Chen, L. & Dang, C. V. (1992) Genes Dev. 6, 81–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Klemsz, M. J., McKercher, S. R., Celada, A., Van Beveren, C. & Maki, R. A. (1990) Cell 61, 113–124.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Koizumi, S., Fisher, R. J., Fujiwara, S., Jorcyk, C., Bhat, N., Seth, A. & Papas, T. S. (1990) Oncogene 5, 675–681.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Lai, Z.-C. & Rubin, G. M. (1992) Cell 70, 609–620.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. LaMarco, K., Thompson, C. C., Byers, B. R, Walton, E. M. & McKnight, S. L. (1991) Science 253, 789–792.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. LaRosa, G. J. & Gudas, L. J. (1988) Mol. Cell. Biol. 8, 3906–3917.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. LePrince, D., Gegonne, A., Coll, J., DeTaisne, C., Schneeberger, A., Lagrou, C. & Stehelin, D. (1983) Nature 306, 395–397.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. LePrince, D., Duterque-Coquillaud, M., Li, R-P, Henry, C., Flourens, A., Debuire, B. & Stehelin, D. (1988) J. Virol. 62, 85–99.Google Scholar
  71. LePrince, D., Crepieux, R. & Stehelin, D. (1992) Oncogene. 7, 917.Google Scholar
  72. Leiden, J. M., Wang, C-Y., Petryniak, B., Markovitz, D. M., Nabel, G. J. & Thompson, C. B. (1992).1. Virol., in the press.Google Scholar
  73. Lewin, B. (1991) Cell 64, 303–312.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Lim, F., Kraut, N., Frampton, J. & Graf, T. (1992) EMBO J. 11, 643–652.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Majerus, M-A., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Telliez, J-R, Wasylyk, B. & Bailleul, B. (1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 20, 2699–2703.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Martin, M. E., Yang, X. Y. & Folk, W. R. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 2213–2221.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Mavrothalassitis, G. J. & Papas, T. S. (1991) Cell Growth. & Differ. 2, 215–224.Google Scholar
  78. Mavrothalassitis, G. J., Watson, D. K. & Papas, T. S. (1990a) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 87, 1047–1051.Google Scholar
  79. Mavrothalassitis, G. J., Watson, D. K. & Papas, T. S (1990b) Oncogene 5, 1337–1342.Google Scholar
  80. McCaffrey, P. G., Jain, J., Jamieson, C. & Sen, R., Rao, A (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 1864–1871.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Metz, T. & Graf, T. (1991a) Genes Dev. 5, 369–380.Google Scholar
  82. Metz, T. & Graf, T. (1991b) Cell 66, 95–105.Google Scholar
  83. Metz, T. & Graf, T. (1992) Oncogene 7, 597–605.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Moreau-Gachelin, F., Tavitian, A. & Tambourin, P (1988) Nature 331, 277–280.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Moreau-Gachelin, F., Ray, D., Mattei, M.-G., Tambourin, R & Tavitian, A. (1989) Oncogene 4, 1449–1456.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Moreau-Gachelin, F., Ray, D., de Both, N. J., van der Feltz, M. J. M., Tambourin, P. & Tavitian, A. (1990) Leukemia 4, 20–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Nunn, M. F. & Hunter, T. (1989) J. Virol. 63, 398–402.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Nunn, M. F., Seeburg, R. M., Moscovici, C. & Duesberg, R H. (1983) Nature 306, 391–395.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Nye, J. A., Petersen, J. M., Gunther, C. V., Jonsen, M. D. & Graves, B. J. (1992) Genes Dev. 6, 975–990.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. O’Hare, R & Williams, G. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 4150–4156.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Ohyashiki, D., Ohyashiki, J. H., Tauchi, T., Iwabuchi, A. & Toyama, K. (1990) Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 45, 73–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Oka, T., Rairkar, A. & Chen, J. H. (1991) Oncogene 6, 2077–2083.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. O’Keefe, S. J., Tamura, J., Kincaid, R. L., Tocci, M. J. & O’Neill, E. A. (1992) Nature 357, 692–694.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Paul, R., Schuetze, S., Kozak, S. L. & Kabat, D. (1991) J. Virol. 65, 464–467.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Pearson, B. E., Nasheuer, H-R & Wang, T. S. F. (1991) Mol. Cell. Biol. 11, 2081–2095.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Pognonec, R, Boulukos, K. E., Gesquière, J. C., Stéhelin, D. & Ghysdael, J. (1988) EMBO. J. 7, 977–983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Pognonec, R, Boulukos, K. E., Bosselut, R., Boyer, C., Schmitt- Verhulst, A. M. & Ghysdael, J. (1990) Oncogene 5, 603–610.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Pongubala, J. M. R., Nagulapalli, S., Klemsz, M. J., McKercher, S. R., Maki, R. A. & Atchinson, M. L. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 368–378.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Pribyl, L. J., Watson, D. K., McWilliams, M. J., Ascione, R. & Papas, T. S. (1988) Dev. Biol. 127, 45–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Pribyl, L. J., Watson, D. K., Schulz, R. A. & Papas, T. S. (1991) Oncogene 6, 1175–1183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Rao, V. N. & Reddy, E. S. R (1992) Oncogene 7, 65–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Rao, V. N., Papas, T. S. & Reddy, S. R (1987) Science 237, 635–639.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Rao, V. N., Huebner, K., Isobe, M., Ar-Rushdi, A., Croce, C. M. & Reddy, E. S. R. (1989) Science 244, 66–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Ravel-Chapuis, R, Leprince, D., Pain, B., i, R., Domenget, C., Stehelin, D., Samarut, J. & Jurdic, R (1991) J. Virol. 65, 3928–3931.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Ray, D., Culine, S., Tavitian, A. & Moreau-Gachelin, F. (1990) Oncogene 5, 663–668.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Reddy, R. & Hahn, S. (1991) Cell 65, 349–357.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Reddy, E. S. R & Rao, V. N. (1988) Oncogene Res. 3, 239–246.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Reddy, E. S. R & Rao, V. N. (1991) Oncogene 6, 2285–2289.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Reddy, E. S., Rao, V. N. & Papas, T. S. (1987) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 84, 6131–6135.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Rochford, R., Davis, C. T., Yoshimoto, K. K. & Villarreal, L. R (1990) Mol. Cell. Biol. 10, 4996–5001.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Sacchi, N., Watson, D. K. Guerts van Kessel, H. M., Hagemeijer, A., Kersey, J., Drabkin, H. D., Patterson, D. & Papas, T. S. (1986) Science 231, 379–382.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Sacchi, N., Nalbantoglu, J., Sergovich, F. R. & Papas, T. S. (1988) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 85, 7675–7679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Sacchi, N., Wendtner, C. M. & Thiele, C. J. (1991) Oncogene 6, 2149–2154.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Saikumar R, Murali, R. & Reddy, E. R. (1990) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 87, 8452–8456.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Santoro, A., Maggio, A., Carbonne, R, Mirto, S., Caronia, F. & Acuto, S. (1992) Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 58, 71–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Schneikert, J., Lutz, Y. & Wasylyk, B. (1992) Oncogene 7, 249–256.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Schuetze, S., Paul, R., Gliniak, B. C. & Kabak, D. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 2967–2975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Seneca, S., Punyammalee, B., Bailly, M., Ghysdael, J. & Crabeel, M. (1991) Oncogene 6, 357–360.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Seth, A. & Papas, T. S. (1990) Oncogene 5, 1761–1767.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Seth. A., Watson, D. K., Blair, D. G. & Papas, T. S. (1989) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 7833–7837.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Seth, A., Ascione, R., Konopka, A. & Papas, T. (1990) Adv. App Biotechnol. 6, 297–311.Google Scholar
  122. Seth, A., Ascione, R., Fisher, R. J., Mavrothalassitis, G. J., Bhat, N. K. & Papas, T. S. (1992) Cell Growth Differ. 3, 327–334.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Sigler, P. B. (1988) Nature 333, 210–212.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Siu, G., Wurster, A., Lipsick, J. S. & Hedrick, S. M. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 1592–1604.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Steigler, R, Wolff, C-M., Baltzinger, M., Hirtzlin, J., Senan, F., Meyer, D., Ghysdael, J., Stehelin, D., Befort, N. & Remy, P. (1990) Nucleic Acids Res. 18, 5298.Google Scholar
  126. Sun, X-H. & Baltimore, D. (1991) Cell 64, 459–470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Tei, H., Nihonmatsu, I., Yokokura, T., Ueda, R., Sano, Y., Okuda, T., Sato, K., Hirata, K., Fujita, S. C. & Yamamoto, D. (1992) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 89, 6856–6860.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Thompson, C. C. & McKnight, S. L. (1992) Trends Genet. 8, 232–236.Google Scholar
  129. Thompson, C. C., Brown, T. A. & McKnight, S. L. (1991) Science 253, 762–768.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Thompson, C. B., Wang, C.-Y., Ho, I-C., Bohjanen, R R., Petryniak, B., June, C. H., Miesfeldt, S., Zhang, L., Nabel, G. J., Karpinski, B. & Leiden, J. M. (1992) Mol. Cell. Biol. 12, 1043–1053.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Thummel, C. S., Burtis, K. C. & Hogness, D. S. (1990) Cell 61, 101–111.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Urness, L. D. & Thummel, C. S. (1990) Cell 63, 47–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Vandenbunder, B., Pardanaud, L., Jaffredo, T., Mirabel, M. A. & Stehelin, D. (1989) Development 107, 265–274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Virbasius, J. V. & Scarpulla, R. C. (1991) Mol. Cell. Biol. 11, 5631–5638.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Wang, N., Cedrone, E., Dry, J., Skuse, G. R., Schwartz, C. & Terryberry, S. (1990) Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 50, 199–205.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Wang, C-Y., Petryniak, B., Ho, I-C., Thompson, C. & Leiden, J. M. (1992) J. Exp. Med. 175, 1391–1399.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Wasylyk, C. & Wasylyk, B. (1992) Cell Growth Differ., in the press.Google Scholar
  138. Wasylyk, C., Flores, P., Gutman, A. & Wasylyk, B. (1989) EMBO J. 8, 3371–3378.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Wasylyk, B., Wasylyk, C. Flores, P., Begue, A., LePrince, D. & Stehelin, D. (1990a) Nature 346, 191–193.Google Scholar
  140. Wasylyk, C., Schneikert, J. & Wasylyk, B. (1990b) Oncogene 5, 1055–1058.Google Scholar
  141. Wasylyk, C., Gutman, A., Nicholson, R. & Wasylyk, B. (1991) EMBO J. 10, 1127–1134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Wasylyk, C., Kerckaert, J-P. & Wasylyk, B. (1992) Genes Dev. 6, 965–974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Watson, D. K., McWilliams-Smith, M. J., Nunn, M. F., Duesberg, P. H., O’Brien, S. J. & Papas, T. S. (1985) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 82, 7294–7298.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Watson, D. K., McWilliams, M. J., Lapis, P., Lautenberger, J. A., Schweinfest, C. W. & Papas, T. S. (1988a) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 85, 7862–7866.Google Scholar
  145. Watson, D. K., McWilliams, M. J. & Papas, T. S. (1988b) Virology 164, 99–105Google Scholar
  146. Wernert, N., Raes, M-B., Lassalle, P., Dehouck, M-P., Gosselin, B., Vandenbunder, B. & Stehelin, D. (1992) Am. J. Pathol. 140, 119–127.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Wolff, C-M., Stiegler, P., Baltzinger, M., Meyer, D., Ghysdael, J., Stehelin, D., Befort, N. & Remy, P. (1991) Cell Growth Differ: 2, 447–456.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Woods, D. B., Ghysdael, J. & Owen, M. J. (1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 4, 699–704.Google Scholar
  149. Xin, J.-H., Cowie, A., Lachance, P. & Hassell, J. A. (1992) Genes. Dev. 6, 481–496.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Yamaguchi, M., Hayashi, Y. & Matsukage, A. (1988) Nucleic Acids. Res. 16, 8773–8787.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Yoo, W., Martin, M. E. & Folk, W. (1991) I. Virol. 65, 5391–5400.Google Scholar
  152. Yuan, C. C., Kan, N., Dunn, K. J. & Papas, T. S. & Blair, D. G. (1989) J. Virol. 63, 205–215.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Federation of European Biochemical Societies 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bohdan Wasylyk
    • 1
  • Soonjung L. Hahn
    • 2
  • Antoine Giovane
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie Biologique, Faculté de MédecineCNRS-LGME/INSERUM-U. 184Strasbourg CedexFrance
  2. 2.Institut de Chimie Biologique, Faculté de MédecineCNRS-LGME/INSERM-U. 184StrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations