Pollution of the Upper Atmosphere

  • Walter Dieminger
  • Gerd K. Hartmann
  • Reinhart Leitinger


Basically, air pollution may be defined as “any atmospheric condition in which substances are present at concentrations high enough above their normal ambient levels to produce a measurable effect on man, animals, vegetation or materials, with substances meaning any natural or man-made chemical elements or compounds capable of being airborne, which may exist in the atmosphere as gases, liquid drops or solid particles” (Seinfeld 1986). Whereas in the past decades atmospheric pollution could be considered as a local and temporal limited phenomenon characteristic of large urban centres and industrial regions, in recent years the principal pollution of the Earth’s atmosphere has become a matter of world-wide concern and dramatically increasing ecological and political importance.


Stratospheric Ozone Methyl Chloride Fire Extinguisher Ozone Molecule Atmospheric Lifetime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aircraft emissions (1977) Potential effects on ozone and climate, Report FAA-EQ-77–3, US Dept of Transportation, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Chapman S (1930) A theory of upper-atmosphere ozone. R Meteorol Soc 3: 103Google Scholar
  3. Chou CC et al (1978) J Phys Chem 82: 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crutzen PJ (1970) The influence of nitrogen oxides on the atmospheric ozone content. QJR Meteorol Soc 96: 320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fabian P (1986) Halogenated hydrocarbons in the atmosphere. In: Hutzinger O (ed) Air pollution. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Finlayson-Pitts BJ, Pitts JN (1986) Atmospheric chemistry, Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Graedel TE, Hawkins DT, Claxton LD (1986) Atmospheric chemical compounds. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Holdgate MW (1979) A perspective of environmental pollution. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Johnston HS (1971) Reduction of stratospheric ozone by nitrogen oxide catalysts from supersonic transport exhaust. Science 173: 517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. National Research Council (1984) Causes and effects in stratospheric ozone: update, 1983. National Academy Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  11. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Atmospheric Ozone (1980) Report FAA-EE-80–20, US Dept of Transportation, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  12. Rowland FS, Molina MJ (1975) Chlorofluoromethanes in the environment Rev Geophys Space Phys 13: 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (1984) 10th report. LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Seinfeld JH (1986) Atmospheric chemistry and physics of air pollution. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Wayne RP (1985) Chemistry of the atmospheres. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  16. WNO (1981) Report 11: The stratosphere 1981: theory and measurements. WNO, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Dieminger
    • 1
  • Gerd K. Hartmann
    • 1
  • Reinhart Leitinger
    • 2
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für AeronomieKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Meteorologie und GeophysikUniversität GrazGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations