The Artificial Intelligence Approach to Modelling Medical Reasoning
The new generation of medical knowledge-based systems (KBS) will establish a kind of colleagueship between intelligent computer agents and physicians. Each will perform the tasks that it, he or she does best, and the intelligence of the system will be an emergent of the collaboration. The goal is to build mental prostheses that help physicians with different skills and expertise in the management of patients. Just as telescopes are designed to extend the sensory capacity of humans, KBS are designed to extend their cognitive capacity.
KeywordsMedical Knowledge Problem Solver Medical Reasoning Inference Model Artificial Intelligence Approach
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Alexander J, Freling MJ, Shulman SJ, Staley JL, Rehfuss S, Messick SL (1986) Knowledge level engineering: ontological analysis. In: Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Kauffman, pp 963–968Google Scholar
- 2.Blois MS (1988) Medicine and the nature of vertical reasoning. N Engl J Med 38 (13): 817–851Google Scholar
- 3.Chandrasekaran B (1983) Towards a taxonomy of problem solving types. Al Mag 4: 23–30Google Scholar
- 6.Hayes PJ (1985) Naive physics. I. Ontology for liquids. In: Hobbs JR, Moore RC (eds) Formal theories of commonsense World. Ablex, Norwood, pp 89–93Google Scholar
- 8.Marcus S (1988) Salt: a knowledge-acquisition tool for purpose-and-revise systems. In: Marcus S (ed) Automating knowledge acquisition for expert systems. Kluwer, Boston, pp 81–123Google Scholar
- 9.McDermott J (1988) Preliminary steps toward a taxonomy of problem solving methods. In: Marcus S (ed) Automating knowledge acquisition for expert systems. Kluwer, Boston, pp 225–256Google Scholar
- 11.Newell A, Simon H (1972) Human problem solving. Prentice-Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
- 12.Patel VL, Evans DA, Groen GJ (1989) Biomedical knowledge and clinical reasoning. In: Evans DA, Patel VL (eds) Cognitive science in medicine. Biomedical modelling. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- 13.Peirce CS (1931) Collected papers, vol 2. Harward University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- 15.Ramoni M, Stefanelli M (1993) The epistemology of problem solving methods (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
- 18.Steels L (1990) components of expertise. AI Mag 12: 38–49Google Scholar
- 19.Thagard P (1988) Computational philosophy of science. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar