Somatic Embryogenesis and Artificial Seeds in Coptis chinensis F.
Coptis chinensis F. (family Ranunculaceae) is a perennial herbaceous plant, 10 to 13 cm in height. Its stem is rhizomatic and often branched. It is an endemic species distributed in Anhui, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang Provinces of China. It is a very important medicinal plant in China. The rhizomes of the plant contain berberine, coptine, and coptisine. These compounds are reputed to result in cooling of the blood, reducing stress and fatigue, removing of toxic substances, and purging sthenic fever and emotions as well as promoting salivation (Wang 1964). Considerable work has been done on the micropropagation and production of medicinal compounds in Coptis species (Ikuta et al. 1975; Yamamoto et al. 1981; Ikuta and Itokawa 1989).
KeywordsSomatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Cotyledonary Stage Artificial Seed Perennial Herbaceous Plant
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