Somatic Embryogenesis in Soybean (Glycine Species)

  • T. Komatsuda
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 31)


The genus Glycine, to which soybean belongs, has been divided into two subgenera, Soja and Glycine. The subgenusSoja contains G. max (L.) Merr., the cultivar, and its wild progenitor G. soja Sieb. & Zucc. Both species are annual and carry 2n = 40 chromosomes. A weedy, intermediate semiwild form between G. max and G. soja with 2n = 40 also occurs in the wild, named G. gracilis Skvortz, although this species is sometimes included in G. max in view of classical taxonomy (Singh and Hymowitz 1989). The cultivated soybean is responsible for a wide range of useful products and as a source of human nutrition and animal feed. In Japan, soybean is traditionally utilized in the fermented form for the production of miso, soy sauce, natto; and in the nonfermented form for tofu, abura-age, yuba, boiled beans, soy milk, okara, kinako, and edamame. The wild and semiwild soybeans harbor several useful traits such as high protein and high methionine contents that would be worth transferring to the cultivated soybean. The wild and semiwild species thus have been exploited in soybean breeding programs for improving protein quantity and quality.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Sucrose Concentration Immature Embryo Maturation Medium 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Komatsuda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cell BiologyNational Institute of Agrobiological ResourcesTsukubaJapan

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