Presence and Sources of Pollutants in the Baltic Sea

  • E. Leppäkoski
Conference paper
Part of the Archives of Toxicology, Supplement 16 book series (TOXICOLOGY, volume 16)


Environmental problems of the Baltic Sea have been among the major concerns of its coastal states during the past 25 years. Practically all the threats to the Baltic environment discussed during the First UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972 are still actual topics in the environmental debate and objects of environmental research. At the same time new, severe problems have been identified, not least those caused by toxic substances. There are still good reasons to be worried about the presence and effects of PCBs, DDTs and heavy metals but for most of “new” contaminants we still have to deal with first-generation estimates only. For some of these substances concentrations in, e.g., sediments or selected organisms are known (even if fragmentarily) whereas both their sources and effects are unknown or badly understood: polychlorinated benzenes, naphthalenes, paraffins and terphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated camphenes, hexachlorocyclohexanes, dibenzofurans, dibenzodioxins, etc.


Chlorine Dioxide Vistula Lagoon Macoma Balthica Baltic Herring Sediment Quality Triad 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Leppäkoski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyÅbo Akademi UniversityTurku/ÅboFinland

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