Advertisement

Adaptivität und Benutzermodellierung in interaktiven Softwaresystemen

  • Alfred Kobsa
Part of the Informatik aktuell book series (INFORMAT)

Zusammenfassung

Interaktive Softwaresysteme werden von Benutzern3 mit unterschiedlichsten Zielen, Interessen, Fähigkeiten, Erfahrenheitsgraden und Präferenzen verwendet. Um einem möglichst breiten Personenkreis zugänglich zu sein, bieten viele derzeit erhältliche Programme bereits die Möglichkeit, daß Benutzer (oder Systemadministratoren) in bestimmtem Ausmaß eine Anpassung des Programms an die jeweiligen individuellen Präferenzen vornehmen können. (Dies erfolgt meistens durch das Ausfüllen von Präferenzmenüs oder das Editieren von Profildateien.)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Allen, J. F. (1979): A Plan-Based Approach to Speech Act Recognition. TR 131/79, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, J. F. and L. K. Schubert (1993): The TRAINS Project. TRAINS Technical Note 91–1, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY.Google Scholar
  3. Appelt, D. E. and M. E. Pollack (1992): Weighted Abduction for Plan Ascription. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 2, 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boyle, C. and A. O. Encarnacion (im Erscheinen): An Adaptive Hypertext Reading System. Submitted to User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction.Google Scholar
  5. Brajnik, G. and C. Tasso (1992): A Flexible Tool for Developing User Modeling Applications with Nonmonotonic Reasoning Capabilities. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on User Modeling, Dagstuhl, Germany, 42–63.Google Scholar
  6. Browne, D. (1993): Experiences from the AID Project. In: M. Schneider-Hufschmidt et al. (1993).Google Scholar
  7. Bunt, H. (1990): Modular Incremental Modelling of Belief and Intention. In: Proc. of the Second International Workshop on User Modeling, Honolulu, HI, 1–30.Google Scholar
  8. Carberry, S. (1989): Plan Recognition and Its Use in Understanding Dialog. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  9. Chin, D. N. (1989): KNOME: Modeling what the User Knows in UC. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  10. Chin, D. N. (1993): Acquiring User Models. In: Artificial Intelligence Review 7, Special Issue on User Modeling, in press.Google Scholar
  11. Dieterich, H., U. Malinowski, T. Kühme, M. Schneider-Hufschmidt (1993): State of the Art in Adaptive User Interfaces. In: M. Schneider-Hufschmidt et al. (1993).Google Scholar
  12. Eydner, G. und H. Vergara (1993): Die Benutzermodellierungsshell PROTUM basierend auf PROLOG und KN-PART. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  13. Finin, T. W. (1989): A General User Modeling Shell. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  14. Fink, J. and M. Herrmann (1993): KN-PART - Ein Verwaltungssystem zur Benutzermodellierung mit prädikatenlogischer Wissensrepräsentation. WIS Memo Nr. 5, AG Wissensbasierte Informationssysteme, Informationswissenschaft, Universität Konstanz.Google Scholar
  15. Fischer, G. (1993): Shared Knowledge in Cooperative Problem-Solving Systems: Integrating Adaptive and Adaptable Components. In: M. Schneider-Hufschmidt et al. (1993).Google Scholar
  16. Genesereth, M. R. (1982): The Role of Plans in Intelligent Teaching Systems. In: D. Sleeman and H. S. Brown, Intelligent Tutoring Systems. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Grunst, G., R. Oppermann und C. G. Thomas (1993): Benutzungmodellierung bei kontext-sensitiver Hilfe und adaptiver Systemgestaltung. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  18. Hirschmann, A. (1990): Das Hilfesystem MATHILDE. Dissertation, Philosophische Fakultät, Universität Regensburg.Google Scholar
  19. Höhle, J.-C., A. Kobsa and W. Pohl (1993): BGP-MS: Ein Werkzeugsystem für Benutzermodellierung (Projektbericht 1992–1993). Memo 6, AG Wissensbasierte Informationssysteme, Informationswissenschaft, Universität Konstanz.Google Scholar
  20. Huang, X., G. I. McCalla, J. E. Greer and E. Neufeld (1991): Revising Deductive Knowledge and Stereotypical Knowledge in a Student Model. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 1, 87–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jennings, A. and H. Higuchi (1993): A User Model Neural Network for a Personal News Service. To appear in User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 3(1).Google Scholar
  22. Kaplan, C., J. Fenwick and J. Chen (1993): Adaptive Hypertext Navigation Based on User Goals and Context. To appear in User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 3(2).Google Scholar
  23. Kass, B. (1991): Building a User Model Implicitly from a Cooperative Advisory Dialog. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 1, 203–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kass, B. and I. Stadnyk (1992): Using User Models to Improve Organizational Information. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on User Modeling, Dagstuhl, Germany, 135–147.Google Scholar
  25. Kay, J. (1990): um: A Toolkit for User Modelling. In Proc. of the Second International Workshop on User Modeling, Honolulu, HI, 1–11.Google Scholar
  26. Kobsa, A. (1985): Benutzermodellierung in Dialogsystemen. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Kobsa, A. and W. Wahlster, eds. ( 1989 ): User Models in Dialog Systems. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  27. Kobsa, A. (1990a): Modeling the User’s Conceptual Knowledge in BGP-MS, a User Modeling Shell System. Computational Intelligence 6, 193–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kobsa, A. (1990b): User Modeling in Dialog Systems: Potentials and Hazards AI & Society: The Journal of Human and Machine Intelligence 4, 214–231.Google Scholar
  29. Kobsa, A., ed. (1991a): User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction: An International Journal. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers (published since 1991 ).Google Scholar
  30. Kobsa, A. (1991b): Utilizing Knowledge: The Components of the SB-ONE Knowledge Representation Workbench. In: J. Sowa, ed.: Principles of Semantic Networks: Explorations in the Representation of Knowledge. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.Google Scholar
  31. Kobsa, A. (1992): Towards Inferences in BGP-MS: Combining Modal Logic and Partition Hierarchies for User Modeling (Preliminary Report). In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on User Modeling, Dagstuhl, Germany, 35–41.Google Scholar
  32. Kobsa, A. (1993): User Modeling: Recent Work, Prospects and Hazards. In: M. SchneiderHufschmidt et al. (1993).Google Scholar
  33. Kobsa, A. und W. Pohl (1993): Arbeitspapiere des Workshops `Adaptivität und Benutzermodellierung in interaktiven Softwaresystemen’, Berlin, 13.-15.9. 1993. WIS-Memo 7, AG Wissensbasierte Informationssysteme, Informationswissenschaft, Universität Konstanz.Google Scholar
  34. Kok, A. (1991): A Review and Synthesis of User Modeling in Intelligent Systems. The Knowledge Engineering Review 6, 21–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Koller, F. (1993): A Demonstrator Based Investigation of Adaptability. In: Schneider-Hufschmidt et. al. (1993).Google Scholar
  36. Krause, J., A. Hirschmann and E. Mittermaier (im Erscheinen): The Intelligent Help System COMFOHELP: Towards a Solution of the Practicability Problem for User Modeling and Adaptive Systems. Submitted to User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction.Google Scholar
  37. Lindner, H.-G. und F. Bodendorf (1993): Ein neuronales Konzept für adaptive Anwendungen. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  38. Maurer, H., E. Mittermaier und M. Schommler (1993): Das intelligente Hilfesystem ComfoHelp. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  39. McCune, W. W. (1990): OTTER 2.0 Users Guide. Technical Report ANL-90/9, Argonne National Laboratory, Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne, IL.Google Scholar
  40. McTear, M., ed. (1993): Artificial Intelligence Review, special issue on user modeling (in press).Google Scholar
  41. Neal, L. R. (1989): The Role of User Models in System Design. Ph.D. Dissertation, TR-18–89, Harvard University, October 1989.Google Scholar
  42. Nwana, H. S. (1991): User Modelling and User Adapted Interaction in an Intelligent Tutoring System. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 1, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Oppermann, R. (1991): Experiences with Evaluation Methods for Human-Computer Interaction. Arbeitspapiere der GMD, Nr. 540, St. Augustin, Germany.Google Scholar
  44. Oppermann, R. (1992): Adaptively Supported Adaptability. In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics, Balatonfuered, Hungary, 255–268.Google Scholar
  45. Orwant, L. (1991): The Doppelganger User Modelling System. In Proc. of the IJCAI Workshop W4: Agent Modelling for Intelligent Interaction, pp. 164–168, Sydney, Australia.Google Scholar
  46. Paris, C. (1989): The Use of Explicit User Models in a Generation System for Tailoring Answers to the User’s Level of Expertise. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  47. Pohl, W. (1993): Viewiibergreifendes Schließen in BGP-MS. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  48. Pohl, W., A. Kobsa und O. Kutter (1993): Benutzermodellaufbau durch Präsuppositionsanalyse in interaktiven Softwaresystemen. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  49. Quilici, A. (1989): AQUA: A System that Detects and Responds to User Misconceptions. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  50. Rich, E. (1979a): Building and Exploiting User Models. PhD Thesis, Department of Computer Science, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.Google Scholar
  51. Rich, E. (1979b): User Modeling via Stereotypes. Cognitive Science 3, 329–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sanderson, D. P. and S. Treu (1993): Adaptive User Interface Design and Its Dependence on Structure. In: Schneider-Hufschmitdt et al. (1993).Google Scholar
  53. Schneider-Hufschmidt, M., T. Kühme and U. Malinowski, eds. (1993): Adaptive User Interfaces: Principles and Practise. Amsterdam: North Holland Elsevier.Google Scholar
  54. Schwab, T. (1989): Methoden zur Dialog-und Benutzermodellierung in adaptiven Computersystemen. Dissertation, Institut für Informatik, Universität Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  55. Schwinn, J. (1993): Architecture for Hybrid User Modelling. In: Kobsa & Pohl (1993).Google Scholar
  56. Sleeman, D. (1985): UMFE: A User Modelling Front-End Subsystem. Intl. J. Man-Machine Studies 23, 71–88.Google Scholar
  57. Sukaviriya, P. and J. D. Foley (1993): A Built-in Provision for Collecting Individual Task Usage Information in UIDE: the User Interface Design Environment. In: Schneider-Hufschmidt et. al. (1993).Google Scholar
  58. Wahlster, W. and A. Kobsa (1989): User Models in Dialog Systems. In: Kobsa & Wahlster (1989).Google Scholar
  59. van Arragon, P. (1991): Modeling Default Reasoning Using Defaults. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 1, 259–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zukerman, I. and R. McConachy (1993): Consulting a User Model to Address a User’s Inferences during Content Planning. To appear in User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfred Kobsa
    • 1
  1. 1.AG Wissensbasierte InformationssystemeInformationswissenschaft, Universität KonstanzKonstanzDeutschland

Personalised recommendations