Ozone/Sulphur Dioxide Interactions in Temperate Arable Crops

  • V. J. Black
  • J. J. Colls
  • C. R. Black
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 16)

Abstract

Ozone is a gaseous pollutant of major agricultural significance in many countries, inducing changes in plant growth and altering patterns of resource allocation, water use efficiency and development in a number of crop species. Much of the evidence for these detrimental effects comes from the US NCLAN programme, in which crop plants were exposed to a range of ozone concentrations throughout the growing season. Ambient concentrations of ozone were found to be sufficiently high to cause adverse effects in 13 of the 14 species studied. However, these data cannot be used directly to assess pollutant-induced crop losses in Britain and other european countries because firstly the crops, cultivars and cultivation regimes employed differ between the two continents and secondly climatic factors such as temperature and rainfall, which are known to influence plant responses to pollutants, may also differ markedly. For example, crops in northern europe frequently complete their initial growth in winter when cold or waterlogging stress may be prevalent and concentrations of pollutants such as SO2 are at their highest. In contrast to many areas of the USA, crops in Europe are rarely exposed to regimes of single pollutants, but more commonly to simultaneous or sequential exposure to several gaseous pollutants including ozone, sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen. The presence of these additional pollutants may be an important determinant of plant responses to pollutant regimes in Europe. Since 1985, a European open top chamber network has examined the effects of gaseous pollutants on temperate arable crops. This chapter reviews existing knowledge of the influence of ozone on temperate arable crops, and considers its interactions with other environmental stresses including sulphur dioxide. It also attempts to identify whether sufficient information exists to permit: 1) quantification of the impact of current concentrations of ozone alone and in combination with other pollutants on arable crops in the UK and; 2) prediction of plant responses to changes in the environmental and pollution regimes induced by global climate change.

Keywords

Dioxide Filtration Europe Ozone Hydrocarbon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. J. Black
    • 1
  • J. J. Colls
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. R. Black
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyLoughborough University of TechnologyLoughboroughUK
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and Environmental ScienceUniversity of NottinghamLoughboroughUK

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