Remote Sensing Methods: Visible, Infrared, and Microwave

  • B. Cervelle
Part of the Advanced Mineralogy book series (AM, volume 2)


The basis of electromagnetic remote sensing is the recording by sensors placed on board aircraft or satellites of analogic or digital data, proportional to the intensity of an electromagnetic beam — visible, infrared, microwave ranges — reflected, emitted, or backscattered from the surface of the Earth or of a planet. Where the source of illuminating beam is the Sun, remote sensing is said to be passive and works in the visible and infrared ranges. An example of active remote sensing mode is given by a microwave “radar” beam — centimetric wavelengths — emitted from the vector, aircraft, or satelhte, laterally to the tracks, and backscattered by the ground toward an antenna on board the same vector (Synthetic Aperture Radar SAR). Therefore, the detection of the returned echos and their analysis lead to deriving information about surface or subsurface properties.


Synthetic Aperture Radar Spectral Signature Microwave Beam Microwave Remote Sensing Desert Varnish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

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  • B. Cervelle

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