Improved Prognosis in ALL with Modified BFM Protocols — Preliminary Results from Turkey

  • L. Sağlamer
  • L. Ulukutlu
  • İ. Yıldız
Conference paper
Part of the Haematology and Blood Transfusion / Hämatologie und Bluttransfusion book series (HAEMATOLOGY, volume 36)


Intensive multiagent chemotherapy and central nervous system prophylaxis has resulted in remarkably improved event-free survival (EFS) approaching 80% in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [1, 2, 3]. In contrast, prognosis of childhood ALL has remained poor with conventional treatment in our department with an overall long-term survival of 13% and an event-free interval (EFI) of 12%. Similar results have been reported from other centers in Turkey [4]. Besides the quality of chemotherapy; supportive care measures, access to drugs, patient incompliance and socioeconomic conditions are important factors in developing countries [4, 5], leading to reluctance in the institution of intensive regimens.


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Standard Risk Intensive Regimen Central Nervous System Prophylaxis Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Sağlamer
    • 1
  • L. Ulukutlu
    • 1
  • İ. Yıldız
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Cerrahpaşa Medical SchoolUniversity of İstanbulTurkey

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