Urinary Fistula

  • Raymond A. Lee


Catheter Peri Perforation Kelly Indigo 


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Reading List

  1. Symmonds RE, Pratt JH: Prevention of fístulas and lympho- cysts in radical hysterectomy: preliminary report of a new technic. Obstet Gynecol 17:57–64, 1961.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Massee JS, Welch JS, Pratt JH, Symmonds RE: Management of urinary-vaginal fistula: ten-year survey. JAMA 190:902–906, 1964.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Pratt JH: Ureteral injuries in pelvic surgery for benign lesions. Minn Med 47:389–393, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. Hache L, Pratt JH, Cook EN: Vesicouterine fistula. Mayo Clin Proc 41:150–158, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Lee RA, Symmonds RE: Ureterovaginal fistula. Am J Obstet Gynecol 109:1032–1035, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Symmonds RE: Urologie injuries: ureter. In Complications in Obstetric and Gynecologic Surgery: Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Edited by G Schaefer, EA Graber. Hagerstown, Maryland, Harper & Row, 1981, pp 412–430.Google Scholar
  7. Podratz KC, Angerman NS, Symmonds RE: Complications of ureteral surgery in the nonirradiated patient. In Management of Complications in Gynecologic Oncology. Edited by D Gregorio, JP Smith. New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1982, pp 113–149.Google Scholar
  8. Podratz KC, Symmonds RE, Hagen JV: Vesicovaginal fistulae. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol 1 no. 2:414–445, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Podratz KC: Vesicovaginal fistula. In Rob & Smith’s Operative Surgery. Vol 9: Gynaecology and Obstetrics. Fourth edition. Edited by JM Monaghan. London, Butterworths, 1987, pp 127–142.Google Scholar
  10. Lee RA, Symmonds RE, Wilhams TJ: Current status of genitourinary fistula. Obstet Gynecol 72:313–319, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Mayo Foundation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond A. Lee

There are no affiliations available

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