Advertisement

Trends in Surface UV Radiation

  • Sasha Madronich
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 8)

Abstract

Enhancements in UV radiation (due to stratospheric ozone depletion) may affect a number of biological processes. Most of these processes are strong functions of wavelength, making them more or less sensitive to ozone depletion. For some of the most sensitive biological systems, significant UV dose enhancements may have already occurred.

Keywords

Action Spectrum Ozone Depletion United Nation Environmental Programme Tropospheric Ozone Total Ozone Column 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blumthaler M and Ambach W (1990) Indication of increasing solar ultraviolet-B radiation flux in Alpine regions. Science 248: 206–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Correll DL, Clark CO, Goldberg B, Goodrich VR, Hayes Jr DR, Klein WH and Schecher WD (1992) Spectral ultraviolet-B radiation fluxes at the earth’s surface: long-term variations at 39°N, 77°W. J Geophys Res 97: 7579–7591Google Scholar
  3. Frederick, JE and HE Snell (1988) Ultraviolet radiation levels during the Antarctic spring. Science 241: 438–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Garadazha MP and Nezval Ye I (1987) Ultraviolet radiation in large cities and possible ecological consequences of its changing flux due to anthropogenic impact. In: Proceedings of Symposium on Climate and Human Health. World Climate Programme Applications [WCPA] Report-2, LeningradGoogle Scholar
  5. Liu SC, McKeen SA and Madronich S (1991) Effects of anthropogenic aerosols on biologically active ultraviolet radiation. Geophys Res Lett 18: 2265–2268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Longstreth JD, deGruijl FR, Takizawa Y and van der Leun JC ( 1991 update) Human Health. In: Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion. JC van der Leun, M Tevini, and RC Worrest (eds) United Nations Environmental Programme, Nairobi, KenyaGoogle Scholar
  7. Lubin D, Mitchell BG, Frederick JE, Roberts AD, Booth CR, Lucas T and Neuschuler D (1992) A contribution toward understanding the biospherical significance of Antarctic ozone depletion. J Geophys Res 97: 7817–7828Google Scholar
  8. Madronich S, Björn LO, Ilyas M and Caldwell MM (1991) Chapter 1: Changes in biologically active ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. In: Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion 1991 Update. JC van der Leun, M Tevini, and RC Worrest (eds) United Nations Environmental Programme, Nairobi, KenyaGoogle Scholar
  9. Madronich S (1992) Implications of recent total atmospheric ozone measurements for biologically active ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. Geophys Res Lett 19: 37–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Oltmans SJ, Komhyr WD, Franchois PR and Matthews WA (1989) Tropospheric Ozone: Variations from Surface and ECC Ozonesonde Observations. In: Ozone in the Atmosphere. Proceedings of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium 1988 and Tropospheric Ozone Workshop, Hampton VA. 1988 R Bojkov, and P Fabian (eds) Deepak Publishing, Göttingen Federal Republic of GermanyGoogle Scholar
  11. Scotto J, Cotton G, Urbach F, Berger D and Fears T (1988) Biologically effective ultraviolet radiation: surface measurements in the United States, 1974 to 1985. Science 239: 762–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Smith RC, Prezelin BB, Baker KS, Bidigar RR, Boucher NP, Coley T, Karentz D, Maclntyre S, Matlick HA, Menzies D, Ondrusek M, Wan Z and Waters KJ, (1992) Ozone depletion: ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters. Science 255: 952–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Stolarski R, Bojkov R, Bishop L, Zerefos C, Staehelin J and Zawodny J (1992) Measured trends in stratospheric ozone. Science 256: 342–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sasha Madronich
    • 1
  1. 1.National Center for Atmospheric ResearchBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations