Tropospheric Forcing of the Middle Atmosphere

  • Marvin A. Geller
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 8)


The importance of tropospherically forced waves in determining both the climatological mean state and the disturbance structure of the middle atmosphere is discussed. Some of the essentials of gravity waves, planetary waves, and equatorial circulations are presented. This is done by appealing to basic physical principles, using as little mathematics as possible.


Gravity Wave Zonal Wind Planetary Wave Middle Atmosphere Internal Gravity Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin A. Geller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary AtmospheresState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

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