Introduction and Historical Perspective

  • Donald T. J. Hurle


The elegant, but deceptively complex, technique of pulling single crystals from a melt by first dipping a seed crystal into that melt has been developed over the last forty years to become the dominant technique for the production of bulk single crystals of a wide range of materials for the electronics and electro-optic industries.


Gallium Arsenide Seed Crystal Bulk Single Crystal High Quality Single Crystal Liquid Encapsulation Czochralski 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald T. J. Hurle
    • 1
  1. 1.H.H. Wills Physics LaboratoryUniversity of BristolBristolEngland

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