Transport, Logistics, Environment and Integration in the Baltic Sea Area

Reflections on the Finnish Strategy vis-à-vis Europe
  • Jussi Raumolin
Conference paper


Europe entered a period of deep transformations and convulsions in the beginning of the 1990s and it its difficult to foresee the results of the process. The aim to create a single market by the European Community is, anyhow, close to realisation and the EFTA countries will join the single market in the near future as well.


Environmental Policy Nordic Country Baltic State Rail Transport Great Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Backlund, P., Homblom, B. & Leppäkoski. E. (1992), Industrial emissions and toxic pollutants, The Baltic Sea Environment course booklet 5., Uppsala University, Uppsala.Google Scholar
  2. Bundesumweltministerium (ed.) (1992), Umweltschutz in Deutschland, Bonn.Google Scholar
  3. Caldwell, L. (1990), International Environmental Policy. Emergence and Dimensions, Durham (2nd edition).Google Scholar
  4. City of Copenhagen (1991), ‘Municipal plan for Copenhagen. Proposal for revision 1991’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  5. Commission of the European Communities (1991), ‘Europe 2000. Outlook for the development of the Community’s territory, Directorate-General for Regional Policy, Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. Council of State Finland (1990), ‘Sustainable development and Finland’, Council of State Report to Parliament on Sustainable Development, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  7. Dans le prolongement du sommet de Rio (1992), ‘Les pays du bassin méditerranéen s’interrogent sur les chances d‘un ‘développement durable de la région, Le Monde, August 13, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. Ebeling, J. & Pesonen, P. (1989), ‘Logistics provide a key to success’, Pulp and Paper International December 1989.Google Scholar
  9. European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT)/OECD (1990), ‘Transport Policy and Environment’, Paris.Google Scholar
  10. ECMT (1991), Freight Transport and the Environment’, Paris.Google Scholar
  11. Forsberg, C. (1991), Euthropication of the Baltic Sea, The Baltic Sea Environment course booklet 3., Uppsala University, Uppsala.Google Scholar
  12. Grenon, M. and Bâtisse, M. (eds) (1989), Futures for the Mediterranean Basin. The Blue Plan, Oxford.Google Scholar
  13. Haas, P.M. (1990), Saving the Mediterranean. The Politics of International Environmental Cooperation, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Hummer, W. (1990), ‘Was ist ‘gemeinsam’ an der gemeinsamen Verkehrspolitik der EG? Verkehr, Umweltschutz, Transit’ in: Meyer-Tasch, P.C., Molt, W. and Tiefenthaler, H. (eds), Transit. Das Drama der Mobilität, Zürich, pp. 95–124.Google Scholar
  15. Joenniemi, P. (ed.) (1991), Co-operation in the Baltic Sea region: needs and prospects, Tampere Peace Research Institute Research Report no. 42, Tampere.Google Scholar
  16. Kâgeson, P. (1992), Internalising social cost of transport. Preliminary study, The European Federation for Transport and Environment, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  17. Ministry of Environment, Denmark (1990), ‘The 1990 national planning report for Denmark’, National Agency for Physical Planning, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  18. Ministry of Environment, Estonia (1992), ‘National report of Estonia to UNCED 1992’, Tallinn.Google Scholar
  19. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland (1991), ‘Finland — national report to UNCED 1992’, Publication of Ministry for Foreign Affairs 13 1991, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  20. Ministry of Transport, Denmark (1990), ‘Regeringens transporthandlingsplan for miljd og udvikling’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  21. Ministry of Transport and Ministry of Environment, Denmark (1991), ‘Miljö Öresund 1991. Den faste förbindelse Köbenhavn-Malmö’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  22. Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Transport Questions (1991), ‘Transport between the Nordic Countries and New Eastern Europe’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  23. Nordic Council and Nordic Council of Ministers (1989a), ‘Nordisk âtgardsplan mot förorening av den marina miljön’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  24. Nordic Council and Nordic Council of Ministers (1989b) ‘Nordic programme for the environment’, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  25. The Oresund Region (1992), Advertising Section. International Herald Tribune, April 22, 1992.Google Scholar
  26. Potel, J.-Y. (1991), ‘A la recherche d’une zone de coopération baltique’, Le Monde diplomatique, septembre 1991.Google Scholar
  27. Raumolin, J. (1988), ‘Restructuring and internationalization of the forest, mining and related engineering industries in Finland,’ The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA) Discussion Papers no. 267.Google Scholar
  28. Raumolin, J. (1990a), ‘Restructuring and internationalization of the Finnish forest, mining and related engineering industries’ in: Hebbert, M. and Hansen, J.C. (eds), Unfamiliar Territory — the Reshaping of the European Geography, Aldershot pp. 7–26.Google Scholar
  29. Raumolin, J. (1990b), ‘Suomalaisen kaupan toimintamahdollisuudetEuroopan yhdentyessä’ (Challenges facing the Finnish retail and wholesale trade as regards the integrated European market), The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA), B Series 65, Helsinki.Google Scholar
  30. Raumolin, J. (1991a), Euroopan yhteisön ympäristöpolitiikka (Environmental policy within the European Community) in: Massa, I. and Sairinen, R. (eds), Ympäristökysymys. Ympäristöuhkien haaste yhteiskunnalle, Helsinki, pp. 348–389.Google Scholar
  31. Raumolin, J. (1991b), Prospects for logistics in Europe in the 1990s’, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA), Discussion Papers no. 381. An article based on this study will be published in the book New Europe — Conditioning the Production System published by the European Science Foundation in 1993.Google Scholar
  32. Raumolin, J. (1992a), ‘Reaction of multinationals operating in Europe to the new environmental regulation,’ Paper prepared for the European Science Foundation RURE Programme General Meeting in Budapest, February 27–29, 1992.Google Scholar
  33. Raumolin, J. (1992b), Suomen metsäsektori kierrätyshaasteen edessa’ (The Finnish forest sector facing the challenge of paper recycling) in: Anttila, P. and Pukkila, T. (eds) Suomi suosta. Kansallisen strategian aineksia Acta Universitatis Tamperensis B:59, pp. 154–164.Google Scholar
  34. Raumolin, J. (1992c), ‘The impact of the European integration on Finland with special reference to environmental policy’, a slightly revised version of the paper presented at the First European Symposium of Sociology, Vienna, August 26–29, 1992.Google Scholar
  35. De Smidt, M. (1990), ‘The new business logistics and the Netherlands Randstad’, in: Hebbert, M. and Hansen, J.C. (eds), Unfamiliar Territory — The Reshaping of European Geography, Aldershot, pp. 73–84.Google Scholar
  36. Technical-Scientific Academies of Finland (1990), ‘Kuljetukset 2010’ (Transport 2010), Jyväskylä.Google Scholar
  37. Via Baltica (1992), Special Issue of New East no. 1, 1992, Tallinn.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jussi Raumolin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Regional StudiesUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

Personalised recommendations