Neuroprotective Effects of 5-HT1A Receptor Agonists

  • B. Peruche
  • F. Ausmeier
  • C. Backhauss
  • J. Nuglisch
  • J. H. M. Prehn
  • J. Krieglstein
Conference paper

Abstract

During recent years a multiplicity of 5-HT receptor subtypes has been characterized by pharmacological studies as well as by molecular cloning of the receptors. Serotonin (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter detectable in most organisms, ranging from highly specialized humans to species with a primitive CNS [1]. This neurotransmitter is responsible for a wide diversity of physiological and behavioral modulation such as, for example, the control of blood pressure, emotional behavior, endocrine functions, perception of pain, as well as sleep and wakefulness [2]. This great palette of different serotonergic functions is due to the fact that 5-HT-containing neurons are centralized in the raphe nuclei of the brainstem, while the 5-HT-releasing fibers project to virtually all parts of the CNS [1, 2]. As the majority of these fibers release 5-HT into the extracellular space instead of establishing synaptic contact with target cells via the synaptic cleft, it is suggested that, in addition to synaptic transmission, 5-HT also induces a so-called volume transmission, which is slower but more prolonged than synaptic signaling [1].

Keywords

Ischemia Flare Neurol NMDA Hypoglycemia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Peruche
    • 1
  • F. Ausmeier
    • 1
  • C. Backhauss
    • 1
  • J. Nuglisch
    • 1
  • J. H. M. Prehn
    • 1
  • J. Krieglstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie im Fachbereich Pharmazie und LebensmittelchemiePhilipps-Universität MarburgMarburg/LahnGermany

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