The Future of Japanese Agriculture: Simulation of Agriculture Management Programmes for the Development of Small Rural Villages
In an earlier paper, (see Kohno, 1989), we have identified some drastic and long-term possibilities for solving the problem: “In which direction should we orient and adjust Japanese agriculture, considered in the framework of a market economy, marked by a deregulation policy following the current trend in general economic policy?” Japanese agriculture is nowadays confronted with the urgent and strong demand from foreign countries — above all the U.S.A. — for trade (import) liberalization of rice, which up till now has been a perfectly self-supporting staple food. If the perfect protection policy of rice would be changed or modified, Japanese agriculture would be in a very weak position in the international free trade. Therefore, in the above mentioned paper a series of restructuring proposals were dealt with, which will be summarized here in a concise form. 1) A first question is at which level the future international market price of rice will converge in case of (a) a continuation of the current perfectly self-supporting system; (b) a partial import liberalization; and (c) a perfect import liberalization.
KeywordsDepression Income Agglomeration Melon
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