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Transformation of Sugarcane

  • R. G. Birch
  • A. Maretzki
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 23)

Abstract

Modern commercial sugarcane varieties are highly heterozygous, complex polyploid and aneuploid hybrids, often with four different species of Saccharum in their ancestry. Agronomically superior sugarcane cultivars are obtained through a multistage selection scheme over a period of approximately 10 years to identify a few elite clones in very large populations of seedlings. The costs of selection approach $1 million per cultivar from advanced breeding programs. In practice, elite clones may be completely abandoned because of a single fault such as disease susceptibility. Traditional breeding approaches to correct such faults in an existing cultivar are impractical in sugarcane, because of the genetic complexity of cultivars and the long periods needed for each round of selection for some agronomically important traits such as ratooning ability. The capacity to introduce specific genes by genetic engineering, without the major genetic reassortment following crossing, could save the sugarcane industry millions of dollars by rescuing flawed cultivars.

Keywords

Somatic Embryogenesis Embryogenic Callus Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult Sugarcane Cultivar Microprojectile Bombardment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Birch
    • 1
  • A. Maretzki
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept of BotanyThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Hawaiian Sugar Planters AssociationAieaUSA

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