The Ansa Cervicalis Hypoglossal — Facial Anastomosis for Indirect Facial Nerve Reconstruction

  • H. H. Steiner
  • M. S. von Haken
  • H. G. Steiner Milz
  • F. K. Albert
  • J. Hamer
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Neurosurgery book series (NEURO, volume 21)


Since the introduction of the indirect facial nerve reconstruction using accessory nerve by Drobnik [5] in 1879, a variety of donor nerves have been used. Anastomosis with the glossopharyngeal nerve [2, 19] and the phrenic nerve [8] were soon abandoned; the hypoglossal nerve was the one used most [11, 13, 14, 15]. The present study intends to show the efficiency of indirect facial nerve anastomosis with the ansa cervicalis of the hypoglossal nerve.


Facial Nerve Hypoglossal Nerve Accessory Nerve Facial Paralysis Glossopharyngeal Nerve 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. H. Steiner
    • 1
  • M. S. von Haken
    • 1
  • H. G. Steiner Milz
    • 1
  • F. K. Albert
    • 1
  • J. Hamer
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurochirurgische KlinikUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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