In Chap. 7, we attempted to explain the behavior and properties of macroscopic bodies with the assistance of our knowledge of microscopic interactions. We introduced terms such as entropy S, pressure p, temperature T and chemical potential μ. We called these quantities state variables and the set of state variables was structured by the Gibbs form
$$ dE = TdS - pdV + \mu dN. $$
KeywordsPhase Transition Water Vapor Partial Pressure Latent Heat Triple Point
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