In the 1970s it was a widespread opinion that permanent brain damage resulting from asphyxia followed adverse intrapartum events. As one of the major aims of obstetrical and neonatal care is to reduce the number of children affected by this serious pathology, cardiotography (CTG) and scalp blood sampling were widely introduced in the labor room to identify infants at high risk of suffering asphyxia, in hopes that obstetrical intervention would prevent it.
KeywordsCerebral Palsy Obstet Gynecol Fetal Heart Rate Umbilical Artery Fetal Hypoxia
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Alexander S, Stanwell-Smith R, Buekens P, Keirse MJN (1991) Biochemical assessment of fetal well-being. In: Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse M (eds) Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth, vol 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford pp 453–476Google Scholar
- Devoe LD (1990) The nonstress test. Obstet Gynecol Clin N Am 17:111–128Google Scholar
- Grant A, Elboume D (1991) Fetal movement counting to assess fetal well-being. In: Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse M (eds) Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth, vol 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 440–454Google Scholar
- Grant A, O’Brian N, Joy MT, Hennessy E, McDonald D (1989) Cerebral palsy among children born during the Dublin randomized trial of intra-partum monitoring. Lancet, ii: 1233–1235Google Scholar
- Ingermasson I, Arulkumaran S, Paul RH, Ingermasson E, Tambyraja RL, Ratnam SS (1988) Fetal acoustic stimulation in early labor in patients screened with the admission test. Am J Obstet Gynecol 158:70–74Google Scholar
- Maeda K (1990) Computerized analysis of cardiotocograms and fetal movements. Bailliere Tindali Obstet. Gynecol 4:797–813Google Scholar
- Manning FA (1990) The fetal biophysical profile score: current status. Obst Gynecol Clin N Am 17:147–161Google Scholar
- McDonald D, Grant A, Sheridan-Pereira M, Boylan P, Chalmers I (1985) The Dublin randomized controlled trial of intra-partum fetal heart rate monitoring. Am J Obstet Gynecol 152:524–539Google Scholar
- Mitchell J Schulman H, Fleischer A (1985) Meconium aspiration and fetal acidosis. Obstet Gynecol 65:352–358Google Scholar
- Mohide P, Keirse MJ (1991) Biophysical assessment of fetal well-being. In: Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse M (eds) Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth, vol 1. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 477–492Google Scholar
- Visser GHA (1988) Antepartum fetal heart rate patterns and subsequent handicap. In: Pattel N (ed) Antenatal and perinatal causes of handicap. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynecol 2: 117–135Google Scholar