Advertisement

Abstract

The disease-specific ailment-oriented scales discussed in Chapter 6 cover the clinical symptoms that are characteristic focus of attention in medical care of chronic or subchronic disorders mainly of somatic type. The New York Heart Association scale for cardiac disability is included there to illustrate ailment-oriented scales. In Chapter 3 ward behavioural rating scales are discussed in relation to such components as self-care (personal hygiene) and cooperativeness (aggressiveness). In this context the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) from DSM-III-R is shown. It is emphasized there that GAF includes symptoms of both clinical axis 1 syndromes and adaptive social functioning, it is recommended to separate these dimensions.

Keywords

Coping Style Adaptive Functioning Occupational Functioning Nottingham Health Profile Sickness Impact Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barrabee P, Barrabee EL, Finesinger JE. A normative social adjustment scale. Am J Psychiat 1955; 112:252–259.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergner M, Bobbitt RA, Carter WB, Gilson BS. The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Med Care 1981; 19:787–806.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cassileth BR, Lusk EJ, Stronse TB. Psychosocial status in chronic illness. New Wngl J Med 1984; 311: 506–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chambers LW. The McMaster Health Index Questionnaire (MHIQ). Methodological Documentation and Report of Second Generation of Investigation. Dept. Clin. Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster Univ, Hamilton, Ontario, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. Claire WS, Cairns VE. Design, development and use of a standard interview to assess social maladjustment and dysfunction in community studies. Psychol Med 1978; 8: 589–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Derogatis LR. The psychological adjustment to illness scale (PAIS). J Psychosom Res 1986; 30: 77–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Folkman S, Lazarus RS. An analysis of coping in a middle-aged community sample. J Health Soc Beh 1980; 21: 219–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goldberger L, Breznitz S (eds). Handbook of Stress. New York: Free Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. Greer HS, Morris T, Pettingale KW. Psychological response to breast cancer: Effects of outcome. Lancet 1979; 2: 785–787.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grieco A, Long CJ. Investigation of the Karnofsky Performance Status as a measure of quality of life. Health Psycholog 1984; 3:129–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guadagnoli E, Mor V. Social interaction tests and scales. In: Spilker B (ed). Quality of Life Assessment in Clinical Trials. New York: Raven Press 1990, pp. 85–94.Google Scholar
  12. Hunt SM, McKenna SP, McEwen J. Reliability of a population survey tool: A study of patients with osteoarthrosis. J Epidemiol Community Health 1981; 35:297–300.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hurry J, Sturt E. Social performance in a population sample. Relation to psychiatric symptoms. In. Wing JK. What Is a Case. London, Grant McInture, 1981.Google Scholar
  14. Hutchinson TA, Boyd NF, Feinstein AR. Scientific problems in clinical scales as demonstrated in the Karnofsky index of performance status. J Chron Dis 1979; 32: 661–666.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Karasek R. Job Content Questionnaire. Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Univ of South Carolina, Los Angeles, 1985.Google Scholar
  16. Karasek R, Theorell T. Health Work. Stress, Productivity, and the Reconstructions of Working Life. New York, Basic Books, 1990.Google Scholar
  17. Karnofsky DA, Burchenal JH. The clinical evaluation of chemotherapeutic agents in cancer. In: MacLeod CM (ed). Evaluation of Chemotherapeutic Agents. New York: Columbia Univ Press, 1949 pp. 191–205.Google Scholar
  18. Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jackson BA, Jaffe MW. Studies of illness in the aged. J AMA 1963; 185: 914–919.Google Scholar
  19. Kobasa S, Maddi SR, Kahn S. Hardiness and health: A prospective study. J Pers Soc Psychol 1982; 42: 168–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lawton MP. Scales to measure competence in everyday activities. Psychopharmacol Bull 1988; 24: 609–614.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lawton MP, Brody EM. Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist 1969; 9: 179–186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lawton MP, Moss M, Fulcomer M, Kleban MH. A research and service-oriented Multilevel Assessment Instrument. J Gerontol 1982; 37: 91–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Lazarus RS. Psychological Stress and Coping Process. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966.Google Scholar
  24. Lewis A. Health as a social concept. Brit J Sociol 1953; 4: 109–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lipowski ZJ. Physical illness, the individual and the coping processes. Int J Psychiat in Med 1970; 1:91–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McDowell I, Newell C. Measuring health. New York: Oxford University Press 1987.Google Scholar
  27. Mechanic D. Medical Sociology. New York: Free Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  28. Millon T, Green C, Meagher R. Millon Behavioural Health Inventory Manual. Minneapolis: National Computer Systems, 1982.Google Scholar
  29. Morris T, Greer HS, White P. Psychological and social adjustment to mastectomy. Cancer 1977; 40: 2381–2387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Morrow GR, Chiarello RJ, Derogatis LR. “A new scale for measuring patients” psychosocial adjustment to medical illness. Psychol Med 1978; 8: 605–610.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Murray HA. Exploration in personality. 1938. National Intitute of Mental Health. Community Support Systems for Persons With Long-Term Mental Illness: Questions and answers. Rockville: National Institute of Mental Health; 1987.Google Scholar
  32. Olff M. Defence and Coping: Self-reported Health and Psychological Correlated. Utrecht, ISOR, 1991.Google Scholar
  33. Pettingale KW, Morris T, Greer S, Haybittle JL. Mental attitudes to cancer: An additional prognostic factor. Lancet 1985; 1: 750.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pichot P. Problems raised by the application of psychometric methods to transversal and longitudinal studies. Adv Cardiol 1982; 29:10–17.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Platt S, Weymann A, Hirsh S, Hewett S. The Social Behaviour Assessment Schedule (SBAS). Rationale, contents, scoring and reliability of a new interview schedule. Soc Psychiat 1980; 15:455–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schinnar AP, Rothbard AB, Kanter R, Jung YS. An empirical literature review of definitions of severe and persistent mental illness. Am J Psychiatr 1990; 147:1602–1608.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Shindler JS, Brown R, Welburn P, Parkes JD. Measuring the quality of life of patients with Parkinson’s disease. In: Walker SR, Rosser RM (eds). Quality of Life: Assessment and Application. Lancaster: MTR Press, 1987, pp. 223–234.Google Scholar
  38. Spector N, Katz S. The hierarchical relationship between activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. J Chronic Dis 1987; 40:481–490.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Staff of the Benjamin Rose Hospital. Multidisciplinary studies of illness in aged persons. A new classification of functional status in activities of daily living. J Chronic Dis 1959; 9:55–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Verstraten PFJ. The GIP: An observational ward behaviour scale. Psychopharmacol Bull 1988; 24: 717–719.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Watson M, Greer S, Bliss JM. Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) Scale. User’s Manual Survey. The Institute of Cancer Research, 1989.Google Scholar
  42. Watson M, Greer S, Young J, Inayat Q, Burges C, Robertson B. Development of a questionnaire measure of adjustment to cancer: The MAC scale. Psychol Med 1988; 18: 203–209.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wilson RS, Goetz G. Neurological Illness. In: Spilker B (ed.). Quality of Life Assessments in Clinical Trials. New York, Raven Press 1990, pp. 347–356.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bech
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryFrederiksborg General HospitalHillerødDenmark

Personalised recommendations