The disease-specific ailment-oriented scales discussed in Chapter 6 cover the clinical symptoms that are characteristic focus of attention in medical care of chronic or subchronic disorders mainly of somatic type. The New York Heart Association scale for cardiac disability is included there to illustrate ailment-oriented scales. In Chapter 3 ward behavioural rating scales are discussed in relation to such components as self-care (personal hygiene) and cooperativeness (aggressiveness). In this context the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) from DSM-III-R is shown. It is emphasized there that GAF includes symptoms of both clinical axis 1 syndromes and adaptive social functioning, it is recommended to separate these dimensions.


Coping Style Adaptive Functioning Occupational Functioning Nottingham Health Profile Sickness Impact Profile 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bech
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryFrederiksborg General HospitalHillerødDenmark

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