Psychopathological Personality Rating Scales

  • Per Bech


From a psychopathological point of view axis 2 in DSM-III or DSM-III-R should be considered as a dimension closely related to the clinical syndromes, (described in Chaps. 2–4 in this compendium). A continuum between personality disorders and clinical syndromes was proposed by Kretschmer (1921), Bleuler (1922), Jung (1923) and Schneider (1923). Kretschmer suggested that the spectrum of schizophrenia ranges from slight schizothymia (just above the upper extreme of normal variation) to schizophrenic degrees of autism, the depressive spectrum from dysthymia (just above the upper extreme of normal variation) to psychotic degrees of melancholia, and the spectrum of mania from cyclothymia (just above the upper extreme of normal variation) to psychotic degrees of mania.


Personality Disorder Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Affective Instability Item Distribution Neuroticism Scale 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bech
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryFrederiksborg General HospitalHillerødDenmark

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