Cronbach (1957) has differentiated between two major disciplines of scientific psychology, namely between experimental psychology and correlation psychology. In experimental psychology the scientist changes conditions systematically in order to observe their consequences. The psychophysical studies in Wundt’s laboratory in Leipzig a century ago started experimental psychology (Wundt 1888). In correlation psychology the scientist studies “correlations presented by Nature (…) and the correlator finds his interest in the already existing variation between individuals, social groups, and species. By ‘correlation psychology’I do not refer to studies relying on one statistical procedure only…” (Cronbach 1957).


Experimental Psychology Social Disability Correlation Psychology Philos Stud Scientific Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cronbach LJ. The two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist 1957; 12: 671–684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. James W. The Principles of Philosophy. New York: Holt 1890.Google Scholar
  3. James W. Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. New York: Holt 1907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kretschmer E. Körperbau und Charakter. Berlin: Springer 1921.Google Scholar
  5. Lewis A. Health as a social concept Brit J Sociol 1953; 4: 109–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Quine WV. From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press 1953.Google Scholar
  7. Rosser RM. A health index and output measure. In: Walker SR, Rosser RM (eds). Quality of Life: Assessment and Application. Lancaster: MTP 1987, pp. 133–160.Google Scholar
  8. Wundt W. Selbstbeobachtung und innere Wahmehmung. Philos Stud 1888; 4: 292–309.Google Scholar
  9. Yalom ID. Existential Psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books 1980, pp. 342–343.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bech
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryFrederiksborg General HospitalHillerødDenmark

Personalised recommendations