Monocomponent Development

  • Lawrence B. Schein
Part of the Springer Series in Electrophysics book series (SSEP, volume 14)


While two component development (Chaps. 6 and 7) is today the predominant development system used in copiers and printers with speeds above 20 cpm (Table 1.1), it clearly is not the simplest system imaginable. For example, since toner is used but carrier is recirculated, means must be provided to sense depleted toner, and then to add and mix fresh toner. In addition, hardware must be built to recirculate a mixture of powders, of which only a small percentage of the weight (the toner) is directly used in creating marks on paper.


Threshold Voltage Latent Image Speed Ratio Development Curve Roller Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 9.1
    W.E. Bixby, P. G. Andrus, L. E. Walkup: Photogr. Eng. 5, 195Google Scholar
  2. 9.2
    R. E. Rayford, W. E. Bixby: Photogr. Eng. 6, 173 (1955)Google Scholar
  3. 9.3
    J. H. Dessauer, G. R. Mott, H. Bogdonoff: Photogr. Eng. 6, 250Google Scholar
  4. 9.4
    J. T. Bickmore, M. Levy, J. Hall: Photogr. Sei. Eng. 4, 37 (1960)Google Scholar
  5. 9.5
    R. B. Lewis, H. M. Stark: In Current Problems in Electrophotography, ed. by W. F. Berg, K. Hauffe (de Gruyter, Berlin 1972)Google Scholar
  6. 9.6
    J. T. Bickmore; J. T. Bickmore, C. R. Mayo, G. R. Mott, R. G. Vyverberg: In Xerography and Related Processes, ed. by J. H. Dessauer, H. E. Clark (Focal, New York 1965) pp. 310, 467Google Scholar
  7. 9.7
    M. Scharfe: Electrophotography Principles and Optimization (Research Studies Press, Letchworth, England 1984)Google Scholar
  8. 9.8
    W. A. Sullivan, T. L. Thourson: Photogr. Sei. Eng. 11, 115 (1967)Google Scholar
  9. 9.9
    R. G. Andrus, J. M. Hardenbrook, O. A. Ullrich: Electrophotography, Second International Conference, ed. by D. R. White (SPSE, Washington, DC 1974) p. 62Google Scholar
  10. 9.10
    H. G. Greig: U.S. Patent 2811465 (1957)Google Scholar
  11. 9.11
    J. C. Wilson: U.S. Patent 2846333 (1958)Google Scholar
  12. 9.12
    C. R. Mayo: U.S. Patent 2895847 (1959)Google Scholar
  13. 9.13
    R. W. Gundlach: U.S. Patent 3166432 (1965)Google Scholar
  14. 9.14
    R. W. Willmott: U.S. Patent 3232190 (1966)Google Scholar
  15. 9.15
    R. Lowrie: U.S. Patent 2803177 (1957)Google Scholar
  16. 9.16
    L. S. Chang, C. V. Wilbur: Electrophotography, Second International Conference, ed. by D. R. White (SPSE, Washington, DC 1974) p. 74Google Scholar
  17. 9.17
    R. M. Schaffert: Electrophotography (Focal, London 1980)Google Scholar
  18. 9.18
    E. M. Williams: The Physics and Technology of Xerographic Processes (Wiley, New York 1984) Chap. 9Google Scholar
  19. 9.19
    T. Takahashi, N. Hosono, J. Kanbe, T. Toyona: Photogr. Sei. Eng. 26, 254 (1982)Google Scholar
  20. 9.20
    M. Hosoya, S. Tomura, T. Vehara: IEEE-IAS Annu. Conf. Proc.,p. 1485Google Scholar
  21. 9.21
    K. Sakamoto, F. Takeda, K. Kobayashi: IEEE-IAS Annu. Conf. Proc., (1985) p. 1502Google Scholar
  22. 9.22
    A. R. Kotz: U.S. Patent 3909258 (1975)Google Scholar
  23. 9.23
    K. Nelson: U.S. Patent 4121931 (1978)Google Scholar
  24. 9.24
    A. Shimada, M. Anzai, K. Noguchi: J. Imaging Sei. 29,209(1985)Google Scholar
  25. 9.25
    A. Shimada, M. Anzai, A. Kakuta, T. Kawanishi: IEEE Trans. IA-23, 804 (1987)Google Scholar
  26. 9.26
    D. R. Field: IEEE Trans. IA-19, 759 (1983)Google Scholar
  27. 9.27
    R. J. Faust: In Advances in Non-Impact Printing Technologies for Computer and Office Applications, ed. by J. Gaynor (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York 1982) p. 162Google Scholar
  28. 9.28
    F. Takeda, K. Sakamoto, K. Kobayashi: IEEE-IAS Annu. Conf. Proc. (1985) p. 1491Google Scholar
  29. 9.29
    H. Demizu, T. Saito, K. Aoki: In Third International Congress on Advances in Non-Impact Printing Technologies ed. by J. Gaynor (SPSE, Springfield, VA 1987) p. 84Google Scholar
  30. 9.30
    M. Kohyama, T. Kasai, M. Yamashita: J. Imaging Technol. 12, 47Google Scholar
  31. 9.31
    G. S. P. Castle, A. Dean, L. B. Schein: to be publishedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence B. Schein
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM Research DivisionAlmaden Research CenterSan JoseUSA

Personalised recommendations