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Die Rolle der Strahlentherapie im interdisziplinären Therapiekonzept der Weichteilsarkome im Erwachsenenalter

  • V. Budach
  • M. Stuschke

Zusammenfassung

Weichteilsarkome leiten sich ontogenetisch vom Mesoderm ab. Sie gehen nach der WHO-Definition auf mesenchymales, nicht-epitheliales extraskelettales Bindegewebe zurück. Das retikuloendotheliale System, die Glia und das Bindegewebe der parenchymatösen Organe und Körperhöhlen werden ausgeschlossen [35]. Obwohl ca. 80% des menschlichen Körpergewichts ausWeichteil- bzw. Knochengewebe besteht, beträgt der prozentuale Anteil maligner Neoplasien mesenchymaler Genese weniger als 1% im Erwachsenen- bzw. 10–20% im Kindesalter [24, 36]. Die häufigsten histologischen Typen stellen Liposarkome, Maligne Fibröse Histiozytome und Fibrosarkome dar (Tabelle 1). Mit 59% sind mehr als die Hälfte aller Weichteilsarkome an den Extremitäten lokalisiert [29, 44, 48, 79, 95, 105].

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Budach
  • M. Stuschke

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