Our purpose here is to briefly explore some of the manifold relations which exist between biology and “the machine”; or more generally, between biology and technology. I have elsewhere (e.g. Rosen 1987, 1988, 1989) concentrated on the impact of the machine, and of machine technology, on the concept of organism; but the interaction goes both ways; the organism is increasingly a source, or a resource, for technology itself. The interplay between the two was regarded as the domain of an ill-defined area once called Bionics, which we shall discuss further below; not much of it is left now, and even that is vastly different from its initial conception.


Turing Machine True Lesson Symbol Manipulation Universal Turing Machine Syntactic Operation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Rosen

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