Ultrasonography of Normal Anatomy

  • Albertus D. Keet

Abstract

The sonographic appearance of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) was first described by Teele and Smith (1977) (Chap. 23). Subsequently a number of authors investigated the sonographic features of the normal infantile pylorus.

Keywords

Obesity Bromide Gall Glucagon Tral 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Blumhagen JD, Coombs JB. Ultrasound in the diagnosis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Clin Ultrasound 1981, 9, 289–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blumhagen JD, Noble HGS. Muscle thickness in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: sonographic determination. Amer J Roentg 1983, 140, 221–223.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Graif M, Itzchak Y, Avigad I. et al. The pylorus in infancy: overall sonographic asssessment. Pediatr Radiol 1984, 14, 14–17.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khamapirad T, Athey PA. Ultrasound diagnosis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Pediatr 1983, 102, 23–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Strauss S, Itzchak Y, Manor A, et al. Sonography of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Amer J Roentg 1981, 135, 1057–1058.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stringer DA, Daneman A, Brunelle F, et al. Sonography of the normal and abnormal stomach (excluding hypertrophic pyloric stenosis) in children. J Ultrasound Med 1986, 5, 183–188.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stunden RJ, Le Quensne GW, Little KET. The improved ultrasound diagnosis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Pediatr Radiol 1986, 16, 200–205.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Swischuk LE. Imaging of the Newborn, Infant and Young Child. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 3rd ed 1989, pp 394–413.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Teele RL, Smith EH. Ultrasound in the diagnosis of idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. New Engl J Med 1977, 296, 1149–1150.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wilson DA, Vanhoutte JJ. The reliable sonographic diagnosis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Clin Ultrasound 1984, 12, 201–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Aibe T, Fuji T, Okita K, et al. A fundamental study of normal layer structure of the gastrointestinal wall visualized by endoscopic ultrasonography. Scand J Gastroenterol 1986, 21, Suppl 123, 6–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bolondi L, Caletti G, Casanova P, et al. Problems and variations in the interpretation of the ultrasound feature of the normal upper and lower GI tract wall. Scand J Gastroenterol 1986, 21, Suppl 123, 16–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Caletti G, Bolondi L, Labo G. Anatomical aspects in ultrasonic endoscopy of the stomach. Scand J Gastroenterol 1984 (a), 19, Suppl 94, 34–42.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caletti G, Bolondi L, Labo G. Ultrasonic endoscopy: the gastrointestinal wall. Scand J Gastroenterol 1984 (b), 19, Suppl 102, 5–8.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caletti G, Bolondi L, Zani L, et al. Technique of endoscopic ultrasonography investigation: esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Scand J Gastroenterol 1986, 21, Suppl 123, 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    DiMagno EP, Baxton JL, Regan PT, et al. Ultrasonic endoscope. Lancet 1980, 1, 629–631.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hisanaga K, Hisanaga A, Nagata K, et al. High speed rotating scanner for transgastric sonography. Amer J Roentg 1980, 135, 627–629.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nakazawa S, Sugiyama H, Kimoto E, et al. Specifications of endoscopic ultrasonography. Scand J Gastroenterol 1984, 19, Suppl 94, 1–6.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ohashi S, Nakazawa S, Yoshino J. Endoscopic ultrasonography in the assessment of invasive gastric cancer. Scand J Gastroenterol 1989, 24, 1039–1048.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Strohm WD, Phillip J, Classen M, et al. Ultrasonic tomography by means of an ultrasonic fiberendoscope. Endoscopy 1980, 12, 241–244.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Strohm WD. Limits of conventional abdominal sonography and features of endoscopic sonography. Scand J Gastroenterol 1984, 19, Suppl 94, 7–12.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Strohm WD, Classen M. Benign lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract by means of endoscopic ultrasonography. Scand J Gastroenterol 1986, 21, Suppl 123, 41–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albertus D. Keet
    • 1
  1. 1.Welgemoed BellvilleSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations