Turbulence in High-Frequency Periodic Fully-Developed Pipe Flow

  • J.-L. Hwang
  • G. J. Brereton
Conference paper


The effects of high frequency organized unsteadiness on wall-bounded turbulence have been studied experimentally at higher frequencies than have been achieved in previous investigations. A detailed examination was made of the contention that non-linear resonant interactions might be found if oscillation were induced at a frequency characteristic of turbulence in the parent boundary layer. It was found that the response of turbulence to forced unsteadiness around and above the burst frequency constituted a monotonic approach to a “frozen state.” No resonant behavior was detected. However, when the period of forced oscillation reached a timescale characteristic of the lifetime of a low-speed streak in the sublayer, the streaks underwent some spatial organization with a commensurate reduction in their spanwise meandering motion. This effect is a minor one and does not appear to be a precursor to any resonant behavior.


Wall Shear Stress Streamwise Velocity Pipe Flow Forced Oscillation Parent Boundary Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrams, J. & Hanratty, T. J. Relaxation effects observed for turbulent flow over a wavy surface. J. Fluid Mech. 151 (1985), 443–455.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acharya, M. & Reynolds, W. C. Measurements and predictions of a fully developed turbulent channel flow with imposed controlled oscillations. Report TF-8, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, (1975).Google Scholar
  3. Achia, B. U. & Thompson, D. W. Structure of the turbulent boundary layer in drag-reducing pipe flow. J. Fluid Mech. 81 (1977), 439–464.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Binder, G. & Kueny, J. L. Measurements of the periodic velocity oscillations near the wall in unsteady turbulent channel flow. In Turbulent Shear Flows 3, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. Brereton, G. J. Reynolds, W. C. & Jayaraman, R. Response of a turbulent boundary layer to sinu-soidal free-stream unsteadiness. J. Fluid Mech., 221 (1990), 131–159.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brereton, G. J. & Reynolds, W. C. Dynamic response of boundary-layer turbulence to oscillatory shear. Phys. Fluids A 3 (1) (1991), 178–187.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, F. T., Margolis, D. L. & Shah, R. P. Small-amplitude frequency behavior of fluid lines with turbulent flow. Trans. ASME D: J. Basic Engng., 91 (1969), 678–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cousteix, J. & Houdeville, R. Couches limites instationnaires. Rapport Technique 53/2259 AND, Departement d’Etudes et de Recherches en Aerothermodynamique, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches de Toulouse, 1983.Google Scholar
  9. Hwang, J.-L. Ph. D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, The University of Michigan, 1992.Google Scholar
  10. Luchik, T. S. & Tiederman, W. G. Timescale and structure of ejections and bursts in turbulent channel flows. J. Fluid Mech. 174 (1987), 529–552.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mao, Z-X. & Hanratty, T. J. Studies of the wall shear stress in a turbulent pulsating pipe flow. J. Fluid Mech. 170 (1986), 545–564.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mizushina, T., Maruyama, T. & Hirasawa, H. Structure of the turbulence in pulsating pipe flows. J. Chem. Engng Japan 8 (1975), 210–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mizushina, T., Maruyama, T. & Shiozaki, Y. Pulsating turbulent flow in a tube. J. Chem. Engng Japan 6 (1973), 487–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ramaprian, B. R. & Tu, S. W. Fully developed periodic turbulent pipe flow. Part 2. The detailed structure of the flow. J. Fluid Mech. 137 (1983), 59–81.Google Scholar
  15. Schraub, F. A., Kline, S. J., Henry, J., Runstadler, P. W. & Littell, A. Use of hydrogen bubbles for quantitative determination of time-dependent velocity fields in low-speed water flows. Trans. ASME D: J. Basic Engng. 87 (1965), 429–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shemer, L., Wygnanski, I. & Kit, E. Pulsating flow in a pipe. J. Fluid Mech. 153 (1985), 313–337.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shemer, L., Kit, E. & Wygnanski, I. On the impedance of the pipe in laminar and turbulent pulsating flows. Expt. Fluids 3 (1985), 185–189.ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Tardu, S., Binder, G. & Blackwelder, R. Modulation of bursting by periodic oscillations imposed on channel flow. Sixth Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, 1987.Google Scholar
  19. Tardu, S. & Binder, G. Ejections and bursts in pulsatile turbulent wall flow measurements and visualizations. Seventh Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows, Stanford University, Stanford, 1989.Google Scholar
  20. Tardu, S., Binder, G. & Blackwelder, R. Response of turbulence to large amplitude oscillations in channel flow. In Advances in Turbulence (eds. G. Compte-Bellot & J. Mathieu ), Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.-L. Hwang
    • 1
  • G. J. Brereton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied MechanicsThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations