Plant Nutrients in Municipal Wastewater

  • Arden D. Day
  • Kenneth L. Ludeke
Part of the Adaptations of Desert Organisms book series (DESERT ORGAN.)


Municipal wastewater (sewage effluent) from an activated sludge sewage treatment plant contains most of the major plant nutrients needed for plant growth. It contains more nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium, the principal fertilizer elements needed for growth, than does most irrigation water from rivers, dams, and wells. In desert environments, if municipal wastewater is used instead of conventional irrigation water, it provides more nitrogen, which is the fertilizer plant nutrient needed most for plant growth, than is usually necessary for favorable crop production (Sopper and Kardos 1973; Fuller and Tucker 1977).


Irrigation Water Municipal Wastewater Irrigation Treatment Bermuda Grass Additional Fertilizer 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arden D. Day
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kenneth L. Ludeke
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.TucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant Sciences, College of AgricultureUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  3. 3.BuckeyeUSA
  4. 4.Ludeke CorporationPhoenixUSA

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