Advertisement

Main Features of Geophysical Structures in Central Europe

  • P. Giese
Chapter
Part of the IGCP-Project 233 book series (IGCP 233)

Abstract

Over the last four decades, the upper lithosphere of central Europe has been investigated intensively by geophysical studies applying a wide spectrum of different methods, including deep seismic refraction and reflection profiling, magnetotelluric experiments, and mapping of the anomalies of the magnetic and gravity field. A large number of detailed and review publications are available dealing with the crustal structure, its composition and evolution. The most recent reports resulting from the European Geotraverse (EGT) project have been published within the series of European Science Foundation Proceedings (Freeman and Mueller 1990; Freeman et al. 1990; Blundell et al. 1992).

Keywords

Magnetic Anomaly Crustal Structure Crustal Thickness Bohemian Massif Seismic Refraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aichroth B, Prodehl C (1990) EGT central segment refraction seismics. In: Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) Proc 6th EGT Worksh: Data compilation and synoptic interpretation. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 105-127Google Scholar
  2. Aichroth B, Prodehl C, Thybo H (1992) Crustal structure along the central segment of the EGT. Tectonophysics 176: 43–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bachmann GH, Grosse S (1989) Struktur und Entstehung des Norddeutschen Beckens — Geologische und geophysikalische Interpretation einer verbesserten Bouguer-Schwerekarte. Nds Akad Geowiss Veröff 2: 23–48Google Scholar
  4. Bahr K (1985) Magnetotellurische Messung des elektrischen Widerstandes der Erdkruste und des oberen Mantels in Gebieten mit lokalen und regionalen Leitfähigkeitsanomalien. PhD Thesis, Geophys Inst, GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  5. Bartelsen H, Lüschen E, Krey Th, Meissner R, Schmoll J, Walther Ch (1982) The combined seismic reflection-refraction investigation of the Urach geothermal anomaly. In: Hänel R (ed) The Urach geothermal project (Swabian Alb, Germany). Schweizerbarth, Stuttgart, pp 247–262Google Scholar
  6. Behr HJ, Heinrichs T (1987) Geological interpretation of DEKORP 2-S: a deep seismic reflection profile across the Saxothuringian and possible implications for the late Variscan structural evolution of central Europe. Tectonophysics 142: 173–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berktold A (1994) Regional elektrisch leitfähige Strukturen in der Erdkruste Zentraleuropas. Münch Geophys Abh, unpubl reportGoogle Scholar
  8. Bittner R, Trappe H, Meissner R (1987) Piggyback seismic experiments during deep crustal reflection surveys. Ann Geophys 5(B): 381–388Google Scholar
  9. Blundell D, Freeman R, Mueller S (eds) (1992) A continent revealed in the European geotraverse. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 275 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Bormann P, Bankwitz P, Schulze A, Apitz E, Conrad W, Neunhöfer H, Porstendorfer G, Rugenstein B, Wolter J (1987) Methodical contributions to complex geophysical and geological investigations of the Earth’s crust in the G.D.R. Part I. Geophysical methods and results. Gerlands Beitr Geophys 96(3/4): 291–310Google Scholar
  11. Bormann P, Bankwitz P, Conrad W, Oelsner Ch (1989) Crustal structure and development in central Europe. Gerlands Beitr Geophys 98(5): 353–367Google Scholar
  12. Conrad W (1980) Potentialfeldanomalien und geologischer Tiefenbau im Bereich des Südwestrandes der Osteuropäischen Tafel. Z Geol Wiss 8: 439–448Google Scholar
  13. DEKORP Research Group (1985) First results and preliminary interpretation of deep-reflection seismic recordings along profile DEKORP 2-South. J Geophys 57: 137–163Google Scholar
  14. DEKORP Research Group (1988) Results of the DEKORP 4/KTB Oberpfalz deep seismic reflection investigations. J Geophys 62: 69–101Google Scholar
  15. DEKORP Research Group (1990) Crustal structure of the Rhenish Massif: results of the deep seismic reflection lines DEKORP 2-North and 2-North-Q. Geol Rundsch 79/3: 523–566Google Scholar
  16. DEKORP Research Group (1991) Results of the DEKORP 1 (BELCORP-DEKORP) deep seismic reflection studies in the western part of the Rhenish Massif. Geophys J Int 106: 203–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. DEKORP Research Group (1994) MVE-West — preliminary geologic interpretation of a deep near-vertical reflection profile between the Rhenish and Bohemian Massifs, Germany. Z Geol Wiss (in press)Google Scholar
  18. Dittus H (1983) Magnetotellurik in Südost-Bayern. Diplomarbeit, Inst Allg Angew Geophys, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  19. Edel JB, Fluck P (1989) The upper Rhenish shield basement (Vosges, Upper Rhinegraben, Schwarzwald): main structural features, deduced from magnetic, gravimetric and geological data. Tectonophysics 169: 303–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Edel JB, Weber K (1993) The Cadonian terranes, wrench faulting and thrusting in the central European Variscides — geophysical and geological evidence. Unpubl reportGoogle Scholar
  21. ERCEUGT Group (1992) An electrical resistivity transect from the Alps to the Baltic Sea (central segment of the EGT). In: Freeman R, Giese P, Huch M, Mueller St (eds) The European geotraverse, part 8. Tectonophysics 207: 123–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. EREGT Group (1990) An electrical resistivity transect from the Alps to the Baltic Sea (centeral segment of the EGT). In: Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) Proc 6th EGT Worksh: Data compilation and synoptic interpretation. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 299-313Google Scholar
  23. EUGEMI Working Group (1990) The European geotraverse seismic refraction experiment of 1986 from Genova, Italy to Kiel, Germany. In: Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) The European geotraverse, part 6. Tectonophysics 176: 43–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Franke W (1992) Phanerozoic structures and events in central Europe. In: Blundell D, Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) A continent revealed in the European geotraverse. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 164–179Google Scholar
  25. Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) (1990) Proc 6th EGT Worksh: Data compilation and synoptic interpretation. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, 457 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) (1990) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, 404 ppGoogle Scholar
  27. Gajewski D (1989) Compressional and shear-wave velocity models of the Schwarzwald derived from seismic refraction data. In: Emmermann R, Wohlenberg J (eds) The continental deep drilling program (KTB). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 363–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gajewski D, Prodehl C (1985) Crustal structure beneath the Swabian Jura, SW Germany, from seismic refraction investigations. J Geophys 56: 69–80Google Scholar
  29. Gajewski D, Prodehl C (1987) Seismic refraction investigation of the Black Forest. Tectonophysics 142: 27–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gajewski D, Holbrook WS, Prodehl C (1987) A three-dimensional crustal model of southwest Germany derived from seismic refraction data. Tectonophysics 142: 49–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gebrande H, Bopp M, Neurieder P, Schmidt T (1989) Crustal structure in the surroundings of the KTB drill site as derived from refraction and wide-angle seismic observations. In: Emmermann R, Wohlenberg J (eds) The continental deep drilling program (KTB). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 151–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. German Research Group for Explosion Seismology (1964) Crustal structure in western Germany. Z Geophys 30: 209–234Google Scholar
  33. Giese P (1990) Crustal thickness in central Europe. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 115–119Google Scholar
  34. Giese P, Prodehl C (1986) Main features of crustal structure in the central section of the EGT based on seismic refraction data. In: Freeman R, Mueller St, Giese P (eds) Proc 3rd Worksh Eur Geotraverse (EGT) project in the central segment. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 83–92Google Scholar
  35. Giese P, Prodehl C, Stein A (eds) (1976) Explosion seismology in central Europe in data and results. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 429 ppGoogle Scholar
  36. Grosse S, Kopf M, Sonntag K (1961) Ergebnisse der Gravimetermessungen im Westerzgebirge. Freiberger Forschungsh C 1(10): 57–102Google Scholar
  37. Grosse S, Conrad W, Behr HJ, Heinrichs T (1990) Major gravity axis and anomalies in central Europe. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 35–146Google Scholar
  38. Guterch A, Grad M, Materzok J, Perchuc E (1986) Deep structure of the Earth’s crust in the contact zone of the Palaeozoic and Precambrian platforms in Poland (Tornquist-Teisseyre-Zone). Tectonophysics 128: 251–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hermes HJ (1986) Calculation of pre-Zechstein Bouguer anomaly in northwest Germany. First Break 4 (I 1)Google Scholar
  40. Holbrook WS, Gajewski D, Krammer A, Prodehl C (1988) An interpretation of wide-angle shear-wave data in southwest Germany: Poisson’s ratio and petrological implications. J Geophys Res 93(12) 81–106Google Scholar
  41. Ibrmayer J, Blizkovsky M, Fejfar M, Ibrmayer I, Mayerova M, Novotny M, Tomek C (1983) Some new results of deep seismic sounding in Czechoslovakia. Proc 28th Int Geophys Symp, Balatonszemes 1983, Budapest, pp 819-835Google Scholar
  42. Jödicke H (1990) Zone hoher elektrischer Krustenleitfähigkeit im Rhenohercynikum und seinem nördlichen Vorland. Diss Math Nat Fak Westfälische Wilhelms-Univ, MünsterGoogle Scholar
  43. Losecke W, Knödel K, Müller W (1986) Technologische Weiterentwicklung und Erprobung der Remote Reference Magnetotellurik. Abschlußber BMFT-Proj RG 8109 8, Bundesanst Geowiss Rohstoffe, HannoverGoogle Scholar
  44. Lüschen E, Wenzel F, Sandmeier K-J, Menges D, Rühl Th, Stiller M, Janoth W, Keller F, Söllner W, Thomas R, Krohe A, Stenger R, Fuchs K, Wilhelm H, Eisbacher G (1987) Near-vertical and wide-angle seismic surveys in the Black Forest, SW Germany. J Geophys 62: 1–30Google Scholar
  45. Lüschen E, Wenzel F, Sandmeier K-J, Menges D, Rühl Th, Stiller M, Janoth W, Keller F, Söllner W, Thomas R, Krohe A, Stenger R, Fuchs K, Wilhelm H, Eisbacher G (1989) Near-vertical and wide-angle seismic surveys in the Schwarzwald. In: Emmermann R, Wohlenberg J (eds) The German Continental Deep Drilling Program (KTB). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 297–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Lüschen E, Nolte B, Fuchs K (1990) Shear-wave evidence for an anisotropic lower crust beneath the Black Forest, southwest Germany. In: Leven JH, Finlayson DM, Wright C, Dooley JC, Kennett BLN (eds) Seismic probing of continents and their margins. Tectonophysics 173: 483–493Google Scholar
  47. Mechie J, Prodehl C, Fuchs K (1983) The long-range seismic refraction experiment in the Rhenish Massif. In: Fuchs K, von Gehlen K, Mälzer H, Murawski H, Semmel A (eds) Plateau uplift in the Rhenish Massif in a case history. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 260–275Google Scholar
  48. Meier L, Eisbacher HG (1991) Tectonics 10(3): 621–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Meissner R, Bortfeld RK (eds) (1990) DEKORP-Atlas: Results of Deutsches Kontinentales Reflexionsseismisches Programm. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 19 pp and 80 sectGoogle Scholar
  50. Meissner R, Bartelsen H, Murawski H (1980) Seismic reflection and refraction studies for investigating fault zones along the geotraverse Rhenoherzynikum. Tectonophysics 64: 59–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Meissner R, Wever Th, Flüh EH (1987) The Moho in Europe in implication for crustal development. Ann Geophys 5B: 357–364Google Scholar
  52. Meissner R, Brown L, Dürbaum HJ, Franke W, Fuchs K, Seiffert F (eds) (1991) Continental lithosphere: deep seismic reflections. Am Geophys Union Geodyn Ser 22Google Scholar
  53. Mengel K, Kern H (1990) Petrologic versus seismic Moho and crustal root mysteries of the Hercynian orogen. Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 169–176Google Scholar
  54. Mengel K, Sachs PM, Stosch HG, Wörner G, Loock G (1991) Crustal xenolithes from Cenozoic volcanic fields of West Germany: implications for crustal structure and evolution. Tectonophysics 195: 271–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Mooney WD, Prodehl C (1978) Crustal structure of the Rhenish Massif and adjacent areas; a reinterpretation of existing seismic-refraction data. J Geophys 44: 573–601Google Scholar
  56. Mostaanpour M (1984) Einheitliche Auswertung krustenseismischer Daten in Westeuropa. Darstellung von Krustenparametern und Laufzeitanomalien. Berl Geowiss Abh B 10: 96Google Scholar
  57. Prodehl C, Aichroth B (1992) Seismic investigations along the European Geotraverse and its surroundings in Central Europe. Terra Nova 4(1): 14–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Prodehl C, Giese P (1990) Seismic Investigations around the EGT in central Europe. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 77–97Google Scholar
  59. Reichert C (1988) DEKORP in Deutsches Kontinentales Reflexionsseismisches Programm. Geol Jahrb A 109: 163–173Google Scholar
  60. Remmelts G, Duin EJ Th (1990) Results of a regional deep seismic survey in the Netherlands. In: Pinet B, Bois C (eds) The potential of deep seismic profiling for hydrocarbon exploration. Editions Technip, Paris, pp 335–343Google Scholar
  61. Rousset D, Bayer R (1990) Nouvelles cartes gravimetriques du sud du Fosse Rhenan. C R Acad Sci Paris 310(11): 199–206Google Scholar
  62. Schmoll J, Bittner R, Dürbaum HJ, Heinrichs T, Meissner R, Reichert C, Rühl T, Wiederhold H (1989) Oberpfalz deep seismic reflection survey and velocity studies. In: Emmermann R, Wohlenberg J (eds) The continental deep drilling program (KTB). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 99–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Schubert H, Conrad W (1981) Beitrag zur Interpretation ausgewählter geophysikalischer Anomalien Mitteleuropas unter geodynamischen Aspekten. Z Geol Wiss 9(10): 1179–1189Google Scholar
  64. Schulze A, Bormann P (1990) Deep seismic sounding in eastern Germany. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 109–115Google Scholar
  65. Thybo H (1990) A seismic velocity model along the EGT profile from the North-German Basin into the Baltic Shield. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 99–108Google Scholar
  66. Thybo H, Kiorhoe LL, Moeller C, Schönharting G, Berthelsen A (1990) Geophysical and tectonic modelling of EUGENO-S profiles. In: Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) 6th EGT Worksh: Data compilations and synoptic interpretation. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 93–104Google Scholar
  67. Volbers R, Jödicke H, Untiedt J (1990) Magnetotelluric study of the earth’s crust along the deep seismic reflection profile DEKORP 2-N. Geol Rundsch 79(3): 581–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Vollbrecht A, Weber K, Schmoll J (1989) Structural model for the Saxothuringian-Moldanubian suture in the Variscan basement of the Oberpfalz (northeastern Bavaria, F.R.G.) interpreted from geophysical data. Tectonophysics 157, 123–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wenzel F, Brun JB, ECORS-DEKORP Working Group (1991) A deep reflection seismic line across the Northern Rhine Graben. Earth Planet Sci Lett 104: 140–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Wonik T, Hahn A (1989) Karte der Magnetfeldanomalien in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Luxemburg, Schweiz und Österreich (westlicher Teil) 1:1000000. Geol Jahrb E 43: 21Google Scholar
  71. Wonik T, Hahn A (1990) Preliminary map of aeromagnetic anomalies for the EGT central segment. In: Freeman R, Giese P, Mueller St (eds) Proc 5th EGT Study Centre. Eur Sci Found, Strasbourg, pp 147–156Google Scholar
  72. Zeis St, Gajewski D, Prodehl C (1990) Crustal structure of southern Germany from seismic refraction data. In: Freeman R, Mueller St (eds) The European geotraverse, part 6. Tectonophysics 176: 59–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Giese

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations