Basic Principles of Analytical Supercritical Fluid Extraction

  • Jerry W. King
  • John E. France

Abstract

The analytical chemist in general employs several procedural steps for the characterization of complex samples. These steps can be classified into three major tasks: sample preparation, analysis, and interpretation of the resultant data. Advances in analytical chemistry have reduced the experimental burden and time required for these task areas; however, to date, sample preparation continues to consume much of the analyst’s time in the entire analysis protocol. Improved methods for sample preparation would be welcomed in the analytical laboratory as well as techniques that minimize the use of chemical reagents and their attendant disposal problems. This is particularly true in analytical protocols that require the use of toxic or carcinogenic organic solvents in the sample preparation schemes. The relatively new technique of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) offers the analyst an alternative for preparing samples prior to analysis, that is rapid and environmentally less hazardous. This chapter will describe the basic principles involved in applying the technique for sample preparation in analytical chemistry.

Keywords

Surfactant High Performance Liquid Chromatography Chlorinate Diesel Fractionation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerry W. King
  • John E. France

There are no affiliations available

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