Summary and Conclusions
Dramatic changes have occurred since SQUID’85. I think all of us visiting here have been moved by the disappearance of the Berlin Wall — earlier this week, I was fascinated to be able to walk unimpeded past the Brandenburg Gate into what used to be East Berlin. And in superconductivity, of course, the emergence of the high-Tc materials has lent an unprecedented impetus to our field that none of us dreamed about six years ago. Progress in high-Tc technology is rapid, and devices operating immersed in liquid nitrogen are already a reality. Nonetheless, the organizers of SQUID’91, wisely I believe, resisted the temptation to allow high-Tc to dominate, instead choosing to keep a wide range of topics — indeed broadening the meeting to include, for example, 1- and 2-D electron gas devices. Needless to say, it is impracticable for me to mention let alone review all 48 talks and 115 posters, and I shall simply attempt to summarize those areas that interested me most.
KeywordsJosephson Junction Coulomb Blockade Noise Energy Bloch Oscillation Single Electron Tunneling
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