Summary and Conclusions

  • J. Clarke
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 64)


Dramatic changes have occurred since SQUID’85. I think all of us visiting here have been moved by the disappearance of the Berlin Wall — earlier this week, I was fascinated to be able to walk unimpeded past the Brandenburg Gate into what used to be East Berlin. And in superconductivity, of course, the emergence of the high-Tc materials has lent an unprecedented impetus to our field that none of us dreamed about six years ago. Progress in high-Tc technology is rapid, and devices operating immersed in liquid nitrogen are already a reality. Nonetheless, the organizers of SQUID’91, wisely I believe, resisted the temptation to allow high-Tc to dominate, instead choosing to keep a wide range of topics — indeed broadening the meeting to include, for example, 1- and 2-D electron gas devices. Needless to say, it is impracticable for me to mention let alone review all 48 talks and 115 posters, and I shall simply attempt to summarize those areas that interested me most.


Josephson Junction Coulomb Blockade Noise Energy Bloch Oscillation Single Electron Tunneling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Clarke
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Materials Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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