Standards in Pancreas Surgery

  • F. Kümmerle
Conference paper


For a long time surgeons exercised remarkable reserve when dealing with the pancreas. They assigned a sort of noli me tangere warning to this organ they regarded as being hostile to surgery. Consequently, the preservation of the pancreas was not in jeopardy. Due to the particular features of the pancreas it took a long time before diseases of this organ could be diagnosed. Disturbed functions were diagnosed before morphological changes were detected. X-rays, scans, and endoscopic examination of the ducts finally made the pancreas “transparent”. These advances, along with the increase in inflammatory and tumor diseases of the organ, which had been treated conservatively, increased the role of surgery.


Acute Pancreatitis Chronic Pancreatitis Extrahepatic Bile Duct Total Pancreatectomy Necrotizing Pancreatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Kümmerle
    • 1
  1. 1.Mainz-BretzenheimGermany

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