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A randomized pilot study of cyclosporin G in renal transplantation

  • S. Ohlman
  • H. Gäbel
  • H. Wilczek
  • G. Tydén
  • C. -G. Groth
  • A. Lindholm
  • J. Säwe
  • F. Reinholt
Conference paper

Abstract

Animal studies have suggested that the analogue cyclosporin G (CyG) may be less nephrotoxic than cyclosporin A (CyA). A pilot study was therefore performed in 10 primary cadaveric renal allograft recipients who were randomized to receive posttransplant immunosuppression with either CyA or CyG. The follow-up time was a minimum of 1 year. One graft was lost in each group. All patients in both groups experienced at least one acute rejection episode. Episodes of acute nephrotoxicity were observed in both groups. Renal function, as assessed by determinations of the serum creatinine level and chromium-ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (Cr-EDTA) clearance, did not differ between the two groups. Renal allograft biopsies showed a significantly higher degree of fibrosis in the CyG group than in the CyA group. All CyG-treated patients evidenced laboratory signs of acute liver toxicity, which was dose-dependent and reversible. Today, all CyG-treated patients have been switched to CyA. This study shows that immunosuppression after renal transplantation in man is possible with CyG; however, it does not seem to have any advantages over CyA.

Key words

Immunosuppression Cyclosporin A Cyclosporin G Renal transplantation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Ohlman
    • 1
  • H. Gäbel
    • 1
  • H. Wilczek
    • 1
  • G. Tydén
    • 1
  • C. -G. Groth
    • 1
  • A. Lindholm
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Säwe
    • 2
  • F. Reinholt
    • 3
  1. 1.Departments of Transplantation SurgeryHuddinge Hospital, Karolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Departments of Clinical PharmacologyHuddinge Hospital, Karolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Departments of PathologyHuddinge Hospital, Karolinska InstituteStockholmSweden

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