Rare Soft Tissue Sarcomas

  • C. D. M. Fletcher
Part of the Current Topics in Pathology book series (CT PATHOLOGY, volume 89)


In many ways the title “rare soft tissue sarcomas” is tautologous since, in relative terms, soft tissue sarcomas as a whole are comparatively uncommon. It is an interesting anomaly that the lesions to be covered in this chapter, while collectively accounting for only around 3%–4% of sarcomas and less than 0.04% of all malignancies, are, at least in some cases, often readily recognized by the general surgical pathologist. The diastase/PAS-positive crystals of alveolar soft part sarcoma are extremely well known and, at one time, it was almost traditional for an example of epithelioid sarcoma to be included in the British final postgraduate pathology examinations. Viewed logically, this seems somewhat inappropriate but probably reflects the philatelic tendency shared by many of us who work in diagnostic histopathology.


Synovial Sarcoma Soft Part Rhabdoid Tumor Epithelioid Sarcoma Clear Cell Sarcoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abeler V, Nesland JM (1989) Alveolar soft part sarcoma in the uterine cervix. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 1179–1183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Auerbach HE, Brooks JJ (1987) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study. Cancer 60: 66–73PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bearman RM, Noe J, Kempson RL (1975) Clear cell sarcoma with melanin pigment. Cancer 36: 977–984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benson JD, Kraemer B, Mackay B (1985) Malignant melanoma of soft parts: an ultrastructural study of four cases. Ultrastruct Pathol 8: 57–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berry PJ, Vujanic GM (1992) Commentary: malignant rhabdoid tumour. Histopathology 20: 189–193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Biggs PJ, Garen PD, Powers JM, Garvin A J (1987) Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the central nervous system. Hum Pathol 18: 332–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bittesini L, dei Tos AP, Fletcher CDM (1992) Metastatic malignant melanoma showing a rhabdoid phenotype: further evidence of a non-specific histological pattern. Histopathology 20: 167–170Google Scholar
  8. Bridge JA, Brook DA, Neff JR, Huntrakoon M (1990) Chromosomal abnormalities in clear cell sarcoma. Implications for histogenesis. Am J Clin Pathol 93: 25–31Google Scholar
  9. Bridge JA, Sreekantaiah C, Neff JR, Sandberg AA (1991) Cytogenetic findings in clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses. Malignant melanoma of soft parts. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 52: 101–106PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carstens PHB (1990) Membrane-bound cytoplasmic crystals, similar to those in alveolar soft part sarcoma, in a human muscle spindle. Ultrastruct Pathol 14: 423–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carter RL, McCarthy KP, Al-Sam SZ, Monaghan P, Agrawal M, McElwain TJ (1989) Malignant rhabdoid tumour of the bladder with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evidence suggesting histiocytic origin. Histopathology 14: 179–190PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chase DR, Enzinger FM (1985) Epithelioid sarcoma. Diagnosis, prognostic indicators and treatment. Am J Surg Pathol 9: 241-263PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chase DR, Enzinger FM, Weiss SW, Langloss JM (1984) Keratin in epithelioid sarcoma. An immunohistochemical study. Am J Surg Pathol 8: 435–441PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Christopherson WM, Foote FW, Stewart FW (1952) Alveolar soft part sarcomas: structurally characteristic tumors of uncertain histogenesis. Cancer 5: 100–111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chung EB, Enzinger FM (1983) Malignant melanoma of soft parts. A reassessment of clear cell sarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol 7: 405–413PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cooper PH (1987) Angiosarcomas of the skin. Semin Diagn Pathol 4: 2–17PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Cullinane C, Thorner PS, Greenberg ML, Ng YK, Kumar M, Squire J (1992) Molecular genetic, cytogenetic and immunohistochemical characterization of alveolar soft part sarcoma. Implications for cell of origin. Cancer 70: 2444–2450PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dabbs DJ, Park HK (1988) Malignant rhabdoid skin tumor: an uncommon primary skin neoplasm. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical analysis. J Cutan Pathol 15: 109–115PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dabska M, Koszarowski T (1982) Clinical and pathologic study of aponeurotic (epithelioid) sarcoma. Pathol Annu 17 (1): 129–153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Daimaru Y, Hashimoto H, Tsuneyoshi M, Enjoji M (1987) Epithelial profile of epithelioid sarcoma. An immunohistochemical study of eight cases. Cancer 59: 134–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. DeSchryver-Kecskemeti K, Kraus FT, Engleman BA (1982) Alveolar soft part sarcoma — a malignant angioreninoma. Histochemical, immunocytochemical and electron microscopic study of four cases. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 5–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Douglass EC, Valentine M, Rowe ST, Parham DM, Wilimas JA, Sanders JM, Houghton PJ (1990) Malignant rhabdoid tumor: a highly malignant childhood tumor with minimal karyotypic changes. Genes Chrom Cancer 2: 210–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Eckardt JJ, Pritchard DJ, Soule EH (1983) Clear cell sarcoma. A clinicopathologic study of 27 cases. Cancer 52: 1482–1488PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ekfors TO, Rantakokko V (1979) Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses: malignant melanoma of soft tissues? Report of four cases. Pathol Res Pract 165: 422–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. El-Naggar AK, Garcia GM (1992) Epithelioid sarcoma. Flow cytometric study of DNA content and regional DNA heterogeneity. Cancer 69: 1721–1728PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. El-Naggar AK, Ordonez NG, Sara A, McLemore D, Batsakis JG (1991) Clear cell sarcomas and metastatic soft tissue melanomas. A flow cytometric comparison and prognostic implications. Cancer 67: 2173–2179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Enzinger FM (1965) Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses. An analysis of 21 cases. Cancer 18: 1163–1174PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Enzinger FM (1970) Epithelioid sarcoma. A sarcoma simulating a granuloma or a carcinoma. Cancer 26: 1029–1041PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Eusebi V, Carcangiu ML, Dina R, Rosai J (1990) Keratin-positive epithelioid angiosarcoma of thyroid. A report of four cases. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 737–747PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Eyden BP, Harris M, Banerjee SS, McClure J (1989) The ultrastructure of epithelioid sarcoma. J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol 21: 281–293PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Fisher C (1988) Epithelioid sarcoma: the spectrum of ultrastructural differentiation in seven immunohistochemically defined cases. Hum Pathol 19: 265–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fisher ER, Horvat B (1972) The fibrocytie derivation of the so-called epithelioid sarcoma. Cancer 30: 1074–1081PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Fisher ER, Reidbord H (1971) Electron microscopic evidence suggesting the myogenous derivation of the so-called alveolar soft part sarcoma. Cancer 27: 150–159PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Fletcher CDM, McKee PH (1990) Pathobiology of soft tissue tumours. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  35. Fletcher CDM, Beham A, Bekir S, Clark EA, Marley NJE (1991) Epithelioid angiosarcoma of deep soft tissue: a distinctive tumor readily mistaken for an epithelial neoplasm. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 915–924PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Font RL, Jurco S, Zimmerman LE (1982) Alveolar soft part sarcoma of the orbit: a clinico-pathologic analysis of seventeen cases and a review of the literature. Hum Pathol 13: 569–579PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Foschini MP, Ceccarelli C, Eusebi V, Skalli O, Gabbiani G (1988) Alveolar soft part sarcoma: immunological evidence of rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. Histopathology 13: 101–108PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gerald WL, Rosai J (1989) Desmoplastic small cell tumor with divergent differentiation. Pediatr Pathol 9: 177–183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Gerald WL, Miller HK, Battifora H, Miettinen M, Silva EG, Rosai J (1991) Intra-abdominal desmoplastic smalll round cell tumor. Report of 19 cases of a distinctive type of high grade polyphenotypic malignancy affecting young individuals. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 499–513PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Gerharz CD, Moll R, Meister P, Knuth A, Gabbert H (1990) Cytoskeletal heterogeneity of an epithelioid sarcoma with expression of vimentin, cytokeratins and neurofilaments. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 274–283PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gonzalez-Crassi F, Crawford SE, Sun CCJ (1990) Intraabdominal desmoplastic small cell tumors with divergent differentiation. Observations on three cases of childhood. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 633–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gould VE (1986) Histogenesis and differentiation: a re-evaluation of these concepts as criteria for the classification of tumours. Hum Pathol 17: 212–215PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Gray GF, Glick AD, Kurtin PJ, Jones HW (1986) Alveolar soft part sarcoma of the uterus. Hum Pathol 17: 297–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Gray MH, Rosenberg AE, Dickersin GR, Bhan AK (1990) Cytokeratin expression in epithelioid vascular neoplasms. Hum Pathol 21: 212–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Guillou L, Lamoureaux E, Masse S, Costa J (1991) Alveolar soft part sarcoma of the uterine corpus: histological, immunocytochemical and ultrastructural study of a case. Virchows Arch [A] 418: 467–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Haas JE, Palmer NF, Weinberg AG, Beckwith JB (1981) Ultrastructure of the malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney. A distinctive renal tumor of children. Hum Pathol 12: 646–657PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hajdu SI, Shiu MH, Fortner JG (1977) Tendosynovial sarcoma. A clinicopathologic study of 136 cases. Cancer 39: 1201–1217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Hirose T, Kudo E, Hasegawa T, Abe J-I, Hizawa K (1990) Cytoskeletal properties of alveolar soft part sarcoma. Hum Pathol 21: 204–211PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Hochstetter ARV, Meyer VE, Grant JW, Honegger HP, Schreiber A (1991) Epithelioid sarcoma mimicking angiosarcoma: the value of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis. Virchows Arch [A] 418: 271–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Jahn L, Fouquet B, Rohe K, Franke WW (1987) Cytokeratins in certain endothelial and smooth muscle cells of two taxonomically distant vertebrate species, Xenopus laevis and man. Differentiation 36: 234–254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Kindblom L-G, Lodding P, Angervall L (1983) Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses. An immunohistochemical and electron microscopic analysis indicating neural crest origin. Virchows Arch [A] 401: 109–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Kodet R, Newton WA, Sachs N, Hamoudi AB, Raney RB, Asmar L, Gehen EA (1991a) Rhabdoid tumors of soft tissue: a clinicopathologic study of 26 cases enrolled on the In- tergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study. Hum Pathol 22: 674–681PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Kodet R, Newton WA, Hamoudi AB, Asmar L (1991b) Rhabdomyosarcomas with intermediate filament inclusions and features of rhabdoid tumors. Light microscopic and immuno-histochemical study. Am J Sug Pathol 15: 257–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lieberman PH, Foote FW, Stewart FW, Berg JW (1966) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. J Am Med Assoc 198: 1047–1057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lieberman PH, Brennan MF, Kimmel M, Erlandson RA, Garin-Chesa P, Flehinger BY (1989) Alveolar soft-part sarcoma. A clinicopathologic study of half a century. Cancer 63: 1–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Lynch HT, Shurin SB, Dahms BB, Izant RJ, Lynch J, Danes BS (1983) Paravertebral malignant rhabdoid tumor in infancy. In vitro studies of a familial tumor. Cancer 52: 290–296.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Manivel JC, Wick MR, Dehner LP, Sibley RK (1987) Epithelioid sarcoma. An immunohistochemical study. Am J Clin Pathol 87: 319–326PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Marrogi AJ, Hunt SJ, Santa Cruz DJ (1990) Cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma. Am J Dermatopathol 12: 350–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Miettinen M, Ekfors T (1990) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. Immunohistochemical evidence for muscle cell differentiation. Am J Clin Pathol 93: 32–38Google Scholar
  60. Mirra JM, Kessler S, Bhuta S, Eckardt J (1992) The fibroma-like variant of epithelioid sarcoma. A fibrohistiocytic/myoid cell lesion often confused with benign and malignant spindle cell tumors. Cancer 69: 1382–1395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Molenaar WM, De Jong B, Dam-Meiring A, Postma A, Devries J, Hoekstra HJ (1989) Epithelioid sarcoma or malignant rhabdoid tumor of soft tissue? Epithelioid phenotype and rhabdoid karyotype. Hum Pathol 20: 347–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Mukai M, Iri H, Nakajima T, Hirose S, Torikata C, Kageyama K, Ueno N, Murakimi K (1983) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. A review on its histogenesis and further studies based on electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry and biochemistry. Am J Surg Pathol 7: 679–689PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Mukai M, Torikata C, Iri H, Mikata A, Sakamoto T, Hanaoka H, Shinohara C, Baba N, kanaya K, Kagayama K (1984) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. An elaboration of a three-dimensional configuration of the crystalloids by digital image processing. Am J Pathol 116: 398–406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Mukai M, Torikata C, Iri H, Hanaoka H, Kawai T, Yakumaru K, Shimoda T, Mikata A, Kageyama K (1985) Cellular differentiation of epithelioid sarcoma. An electron microscopic, enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical study. Am J Pathol 119: 44–56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Mukai M, Torikata C, Iri H, Mikata A, Hanaoka H, Kato K, Kageyama K (1986) Histogenesis of alveolar soft-part sarcoma. An immunohistochemical and biochemical study. Am J Surg Pathol 10: 212–218PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Mukai M, Torikata C, Shimoda T, Iri H (1989) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. Assessment of immunohistochemical demonstration of desmin using paraffin sections and frozen sections. Virchows Arch [A] 414: 503–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Mukai M, Torikata C, Iri H (1990) Alveolar soft part sarcoma: an electron microscopic study especially of uncrystallised granules using a tannic acid-containing fixative. Ultrastruct Pathol 14: 41–50PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Nash A, Stout AP (1961) Malignant mesenchymomas in children. Cancer 14: 524–533PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Newman PL, Fletcher CDM (1991) Malignant mesenchymoma: clinicopathologic analysis of a series with evidence of low grade behaviour. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 607–614PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Nikolaou I, Barbatis C, Laopodis V, Bekir S, Fletcher CDM (1992) Intra-abdominal desmo-plastic small cell tumour with divergent differentiation. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract 188: 981–988PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Ordonez NG, Ro JY, Mackay B (1989) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. An ultrastructural and immunocytochemical investigation of its histogenesis. Cancer 63: 1721–1736PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Parham DM, Peiper SC, Robicheaux G, Riberio RC, Douglass EC (1988) Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the liver. Evidence for epithelial differentiation. Arch Pathol Lab Med 112: 61–64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Parker JB, Marcus PB, Martin JH (1980) Spinal melanotic clear cell sarcoma: a light and electronic microscopic study. Cancer 46: 718–724PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Pastel-Levy C, Bell DA, Rosenberg AE, Preffer F, Colvin RB, Flotte TJ (1992) DNA flow cytometry of epithelioid sarcoma. Cancer 70: 2823–2826PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Perrone T, Swanson PE, Twiggs L, Ulbright TM, Dehner LP (1989) Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the vulva: is distinction from epithelioid sarcoma possible? A pathological and immunohistochemical study. Am J Surg Pathol 13: 848–858PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Persson S, Willems J-S, Kindblom L-G, Angervall L (1988) Alveolar soft part sarcoma. An immunohistochemical, cytologic and electron-microscopic study and a quantivative DNA analysis. Virchows Arch [A] 412: 499–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Prat J, Woodruff JM, Marcove RC (1978) Epithelioid sarcoma. An analysis of 22 cases indicating the prognostic significance of vascular invasion and regional lymph node metastases. Cancer 41: 1472–1487PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Reeves BR, Fletcher CDM, Gusterson BA (1992) The translocation t(12;22)(q13;q13) is a non-random rearrangement in clear cell sarcoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 64: 101–103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Rosai J, Sumner HW, Kostianovsky M, Perez-Mesa C (1976) Angiosarcoma of the skin. A clinicopathologic and fine structural study. Hum Pathol 7: 83–109PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Rosai J, Dias P, Parham DM, Shapiro DN, Houghton P (1991) MyoD1 protein expression in alveolar soft part sarcoma as confirmatory evidence of its skeletal muscle nature. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 974–981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Sara AS, Evans HL, Benjamin RS (1990) Malignant melanoma of soft parts (clear cell sarcoma). A study of 17 cases, with emphasis on prognostic factors. Cancer 65: 367–374PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Sawyer JR, Tryka AF, Lewis JM (1992) A novel reciprocal chromosome translocation t(11;22)(p13;q12) in an intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor. Am J Surg Pathol 16: 411–416PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Schmidt D, Leuschner I, Harms D, Sprenger E, Schafer HJ (1989) Malignant rhabdoid tumor. A morphological and flow cytometric study. Pathol Res Pract 184: 202–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Smetana HG, Scott WF (1951) Malignant tumors of nonchromaffin paraganglia. Milit Surg 109: 330–349Google Scholar
  85. Sotelo-Avila C, Gonzalez-Crussi F, deMello D, Vogler C, Gooch WM, Gale G, Pena R (1986) Renal and extrarenal rhabdoid tumors in children: a clinicopathologic study of 14 patients. Semin Diagn Pathol 3: 151–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Stout AP (1948) Mesenchymoma, the mixed tumor of mesenchymal derivatives. Ann Surg 127: 278–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Swanson PE, Wick MR (1989) Clear cell sarcoma. An immunohistochemical analysis of six cases and comparison with other epithelioid neoplasms of soft tissue. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 55–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Swanson PE, Dehner LP, Wick MR (1988) Polyphenotypic small cell tumors of childhood. Lab Invest 58: 9P (abstract).Google Scholar
  89. Tsokos M, Kouraklis G, Chandra RS, Bhagavan BS, Triche TJ (1989) Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney and soft tissues. Evidence for a diverse morphologic and immuno-cytochemical phenotype. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 115–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Tsuneyoshi M, Enjoji M, Kubo T (1978) Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses. A comparative study of 13 cases with a provisional subgrouping into the melanotic and synovial types. Cancer 42: 243–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Tsuneyoshi M, Daimaru Y, Hashimoto H, Enjoji M (1985) Malignant soft tissue neoplasms with the histologic features of renal rhabdoid tumors: an ultrastructural and immunohistochemical study. Hum Pathol 16: 1235–1252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Tsuneyoshi M, Daimaru Y, Hashimoto H, Enjoji M (1987) The existence of rhabdoid cells in specified soft tissue sarcomas. Histopathological, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical evidence. Virchows Arch [A] 411: 509–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Ulbright TM, Brookaw SA, Stehman FB, Roth LM (1983) Epithelioid sarcoma of the vulva. Evidence suggesting a more aggressive behaviour than extragenital epithelioid sarcoma. Cancer 52: 1462–1469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Variend S, Gerrard M, Norris PD, Goepel JR (1991) Intra-abdominal neuroectodermal tumour of childhood with divergent differentiation. Histopathology 18: 45–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Walford N, Deferrai R, Slater RM, Delemarre JFM, Dingemans KP, Weerman MAV, Voute PA (1992) Intraorbital rhabdoid tumour following bilateral retinoblastoma. Histopathology 20: 170–173PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Weeks DA, Beckwith JB, Mierau GW, Luckey DW (1989a) Rhabdoid tumor of kidney. A report of 111 cases from the National Wilm’s Tumor Study Pathology Center. Am J Surg Pathol 13: 439–458PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Weeks DA, Beckwith JB, Mierau GW (1989b) Rhabdoid tumor. An entity or a phenotype? Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 113–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Weeks DA, Beckwith JB, Mierau GW, Zuppan CW (1991) Renal neoplasms mimicking rhabdoid tumor of kidney. A report from the National Wilms Tumor Study Pathology Center. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 1042–1054PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Wick MR, Manivel JC (1986) Epithelioid sarcoma and epitheliod hemangioendothelioma: an immunocytochemical and lectin histochemical comparison. Virchows Archiv [A] 410: 309–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Yagihashi S, Yagihashi N, Hase Y, Nagai K, Alguacil-Garcia A (1991) Primary alveolar soft part sarcoma of stomach. Am J Surg Pathol 15: 399–406PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Young RH, Eichhorn JH, Dickersin GR, Scully RE (1992) Ovarian involvement by the intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor with divergent differentiation. A report of three cases. Hum Pathol 23: 454–464PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. D. M. Fletcher

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations