Optimum Procedure for the MRM Examination

  • Werner A. Kaiser


Before MRM is commenced, a thorough history is taken, giving special attention to these questions:
  1. 1.

    What complaints does the patient have now? How long have they been present? Where are they present? How were they noticed? Can the patient account for the complaints?

  2. 2.

    What previous imaging procedures have been done? Mammography? Ductography? Sonography? Needle aspiration? Biopsy? Other?

  3. 3.

    What surgical procedures have previously been done in the breast? Aspiration? Biopsy? Radiation? Chemotherapy? Mammoplasty?

  4. 4.

    What other disorders does the patient have at the present time? Formerly? Did the patient previously sustain an injury, burn, or other trauma?

  5. 5.

    What medications is the patient currently taking? Oral contraceptives? What kind? How long? What other medications are being used?

  6. 6.

    Family history: Is there a history of breast disease, especially breast cancer, in the family? What degree relatives were affected? Did the disease occur before or after menopause? Are there relatives with other (gynecologic) tumors? Is there a high incidence of other diseases in the family?

  7. 7.

    Obstetric history: How many deliveries has the patient had? Did the patient nurse: Yes? No? How long? Was there a previous episode of mastitis?

  8. 8.

    Menstrual cycle: When was the last menstrual period? Has the patient had regular periods? How long since menopause?

  9. 9.

    How heavy is the patient (to calculate the dose of contrast medium)?



Breast Disease Left Breast Dynamic Sequence Flash Sequence Breast Coil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Werner A. Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiologische UniversitätsklinikBonnGermany

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