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The Role of Immune Mechanisms in Control of Herpes Simplex Virus Infection of the Peripheral Nervous System

  • A. Simmons
  • D. Tscharke
  • P. Speck
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 179)

Abstract

Underlying the recurrent cutaneous lesions caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a sophisticated virus-host relationship involving primary sensory neurons. These cells may become productively infected, but sometimes virus replication is interrupted for long periods, producing a reservoir of latent herpes in the nervous system from which infection can periodically reactivate. How the balance is tipped in favor of either productive or latent infection and how productive infection of neurons is rapidly controlled (which, in general, it is) are prominent contemporary questions for herpes virologists. In this chapter, we critically review the clinical and experimental evidence suggesting that the host’s adaptive immune response makes a vital contribution to the control of established HSV replication in the nervous system, and we dwell on the controversial issue of the fate of productively infected neurons.

Keywords

Dorsal Root Ganglion Herpes Simplex Virus Herpes Simplex Virus Type Primary Sensory Neuron Herpes Simplex Virus Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Simmons
    • 1
  • D. Tscharke
    • 1
  • P. Speck
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Medical and Veterinary ScienceAdelaideAustralia

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