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Rektumtumoren

  • J.-C. Givel

Zusammenfassung

Gemessen an der Häufigkeit des Auftretens liegen Karzinome von Kolon und Rektum an zweiter Stelle aller Karzinome in den entwickelten Ländern [42]. Es findet sich eine ausgeprägte Prädominanz der im Rektum lokalisierten Tumoren (in den letzten 15 cm des Dickdarms). Unter Ausschluß der Neoplasmen des Rektosigmoids stellen diese Karzinome etwa 1/3 aller kolorektalen Tumoren. Obwohl dieser Karzinomtyp hauptsächlich im höheren Alter auftritt, wird er gelegentlich auch bei jüngeren Patienten gefunden, sogar wenn keine prädisponierenden Risikofaktoren vorliegen. Die meisten der betroffenen Patienten sind jedoch älter als 60 Jahre, wobei der Häufigkeitsgipfel im 7. Lebensjahrzehnt (60–69 Jahre) liegt. Der Anteil an Patienten unter 30 Jahren wird je nach Autor zwischen 1 und 4% angegeben. Es läßt sich ein leichtes Überwiegen der Erkrankung bei Männern feststellen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

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  • J.-C. Givel

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