Advertisement

Process, Information Theory and the Creation of Systems

  • George Kampis
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper can be but a fragment or an introduction. I set forth the view that information has two essentially different aspects, and I try to analyse the consequences. I think information involves, on the one hand, the knowledge and the possession of some records, and on the other hand, a process and an action that brings forward the former, that is, a physical agent that makes it possible to have knowledge about something.

Keywords

Information Content Turing Machine Tape Recorder Magnetic Tape Secret Code 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and Notes

  1. 1.
    Shannon CE, Weaver W (1949) The Mathematical Theory of Communication, Univ of Urbana Press, UrbanaMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kampis G (1986) Biological Information as a System Description, In: Cybernetics and Systems’86 (ed. Trappl R), Reidel D, Dordrecht, pp 36–42Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kampis G (1987) Some Problems of System Descriptions I. Function, II. Information, Int J General Systems 13, 143–156; 157–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kampis G (1987) Elements to the Systems Modeling of Evolution, Ph.D. Thesis, BudapestGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Csányi V (1989) Evolutionary Systems and Society: A General Theory, Duke University Press, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kampis G (1990) Self-Modifying Systems in Biology and Cognitive Science: A New Framework for Dynamics, Information, and Complexity, Pergamon, Oxford, to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Atlan H (1983) Information Theory, In: Cybernetics: Theory and Applications (ed. Trappl R), Hemisphere, Washington, pp 9–41Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Klir GJ (1985) Architecture of General Systems Problem Solving, Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jaynes ET (1979) Where Do We Stand On Maximum Entropy? In: The Maximum Entropy Formalism (eds Tribus M, Levine RD), MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 15–118. This is an extensive summary of work done by its author in the fifties and by others since thenGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schrödinger E (1944) What is Life? Cambridge Univ Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thom R (1983) Mathematical Models of Morphogenesis, E Horwood/Wiley, ChichesterMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nicolis J (1986) Dynamics of Hierarchical Systems, Springer, BerlinMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bar-Hiller Y, Carnap R (1952) An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information, Technical Report No. 247 of the Research Laboratory of Electronics, MIT; reprinted in Bar-Hillel Y: Language and Information, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 1964Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Johnson-Laird PN (1983) Mental Models, Cambridge Univ Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Csânyi V (1982) General Theory of Evolution, Publ House of the Hung Acad Sci, BudapestGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rosen R (1978) Fundamentals of Measurement and Representation of Natural Systems, North-Holland, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ryan J-P (1975) Aspects of the Clasuius-Shannon Identity: Emphasis on the Components of Transitive Information in Linear, Branched, and Composite Physical Systems, Bull Math Biol 37, 223–253MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Löfgren L (1972) Relative Explanations of Systems, In: Trends in General Systems Theory (ed. Klir GJ), Wiley, New York, pp 340–407Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kampis G, Csânyi V (1988) A systems Approach to the Creating Process, IFSR Newsletter No. 20, 2–4. The example of the “tape recorder” that changes its interaction mode is from V CsânyiGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Whitehead AN (1966) Modes of Thought, MacMillan, New York. Another work in which Whitehead’s views are exposed is Whitehead AN (1929): Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology, Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge. A volume devoted to discussion is Holz H, Wolf-Gazo E (eds) (1984) Whitehead and the Idea of Process. Verlag Karl Aber, Freiburg MünchenGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kampis G (1988) On the Modelling Relation, Systems Research 5, 131–144MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rössler OE (1981) Chaos and Chemistry, In: Nonlinear Phenomena in Chemical Dynamics (eds Vidal C, Pacault A), Springer, Berlin, pp. 79–87Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rössler OE (1984) Deductive Prebiology, In: Molecular Evolution and Protobiology (eds Matsuno K, Dose K, Harada K, Rohlfmg DL), Plenum, New York, pp. 375–385Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Elsässer W (1975) The Chief Abstractions of Biology, North-Holland, Amsterdam. Starting in the fifties, Elsässer wrote five or six books about this topicGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jacob F (1981) Le jeu des possibles, Fayard, ParisGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rosen R (1973) On the Generation of Metabolic Novelties in Evolution, In: Biogenesis, Evolution, Homeostasis (ed. Locker A), Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Levins R (1968) Evolution in Changing Environments, Princeton Univ Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cariani P (1989) On the Design of Devices with Emergent Semantic Functions Ph.D. dissertation, Dept of Systems Sci, SUNY at BinghamtonGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bertalanffy L von (1968) General System Theory, Braziller, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lwoff A (1968) Biological Order, MIT Press, Cambridge. Quoted and discussed in Riedl R (1979) Order in Living Organisms, Reidel, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    The Unavoidable conclusion is that we are our own enemies. This is true on a global scale, because there is but one Earth, and also true on a national scale in Hungary where the author comes from. Hungary has been a member of the Warsaw Pact but is likely to orient itself towards NATO, the good old enemy, in the futureGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Csânyi V, Kampis G (1988) Can We Communicate With Aliens?, In: Bioastronomy: The Next Steps (ed. Marx G), Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Pask B (1975) Conversation Theory, Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wittgenstein L (1922) Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Routledge and Kegan Paul, LondonMATHGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Searle JR (1980) Minds, Brains, and Programs, The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3, 417–424. A very famous article, reprinted several timesCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Fox RF (1989) Energy and the Evolution of Life, Freeman, New York. The author is S. Fox’s sonGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Löfgren L (1968) An Axiomatic Explanation of Complete Self-Reproduction, Bull Math Biophys 30, 415–425MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hofstadter D (1979) Gödel, Escher, Bach, Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Bartlett SJ, Suber P (eds) (1987) Self-Reference. Reflections on Reflectivity, M. Nijhoff, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Maturana HR, Varela FJ (1980) Autopoiesis and Cognition, Reidel, Dordrecht; Varela FJ (1979) Principles of Biological Autonomy, North-Holland, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Maturana HR, Varela FJ (1980) Autopoiesis and Cognition, Reidel, Dordrecht; Varela FJ (1979) Principles of Biological Autonomy, North-Holland, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Kampis

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations