Unitary Trends in Sociocultural Evolution
The new sciences of systems and complexity — cybernetics, information and communications theory, chaos theory, dynamical systems theory, nonequilibrium thermodynamics, and general systems and general evolution theory — have made great progress in the detailed understanding of the laws and dynamics that govern the evolution of complex systems, regardless of whether they are physical, biological, ecological or human. The new insights contradict the facile views that we have reached the end of history, and that the future is made by mere “bricolage.” The course of history has a logic of its own; a logic that is not rigidly predetermined and yet not the plaything of chance. This is a logic that governs not only the evolution of human societies in history but also the evolution of life on earth, and even the evolution of the cosmos in the observable universe.
KeywordsDynamical System Theory Chaos Theory Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Steam Engine Periodic Attractor
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