Gestational Inhalation of Indoor Air Pollution Alters Neonatal Reflex Development and Fetal Hematology
Although most studies have traditionally focused on the health effects of outdoor air, it is now apparent that elevated air pollution of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are common in indoor air. Carbon monoxide has numerous sources in the home and the office (Caceres et al. 1983; Cox and Wichelow 1985; Nagda and Koontz 1985; Samet et al. 1987; Sterling et al. 1981). Offices may be contaminated by outdoor CO because of building design problems (Wallace 1983). Furthermore, indoor CO levels in buildings are usually related to nearby outdoor CO levels (Yocom 1982); they increase more slowly than outdoor levels, but once built up, they remain higher for longer periods (Yocom 1982).
KeywordsBirth Weight Nitrogen Dioxide Atmos Environ Outdoor Level Carbon Monoxide Exposure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Hochachka PW, Somero GN (1973) The basic strategies of biochemical adaptation. In: Strategies of biochemical adaptation. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 332–333Google Scholar
- Ketty SS (1979) Disorders of human brain. In: Flanagan D (ed) The brain. Freeman, San Francisco, pp 120–127Google Scholar
- Nagda NL, Koontz MD (1985) Microenvironmental and total exposure to carbon monoxide for three pollution subgroups. JAPCA 35:134–137Google Scholar
- Singh J (1984) Postnatal behavioral alteration by prenatal carbon monoxide exposure at low concentrations. Teratology 29:8BGoogle Scholar
- Steel RGD, Torrie JH (1980) Analysis of variance: III. Factorial experiments. In: Napier C, Maisel JW (eds) Principles and procedures of statistics. McGraw Hill, New York, pp 336–347Google Scholar
- Sterling TD, Dimich H, Kobayashi D (1981) Use of gas ranges for cooking and heating in urban dwellings. JAPCA 32:162–165Google Scholar
- US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census (1983) 1980 census of housing, vol I. Characteristics of housing units. Chap. B. Detailed housing characteristics. United States Summary. US government printing office, Washington, DC, T.82-T.153, HC80–1-B1Google Scholar
- Wade WA, Cote WA, Yocom JE (1975) A study of indoor air quality. JAPCA 25:933–939Google Scholar
- Wallace LA (1983) Carbon monoxide in air and breath of employees in an underground office. JAPCA 33:678–682Google Scholar
- Yocom JE (1982) Indoor-outdoor air quality relationships — a critical review. JAPCA 35:500–520Google Scholar