Advertisement

Interest and Exploration: Exploratory Action in the Context of Interest Genesis

  • Benedykt Fink

Abstract

Research into curiosity and exploration has tended to relate the initiation and maintenance of children’s exploratory behavior primarily to the physical properties of objects (Berlyne, 1960; H. Keller, 1981; Keller, Föse, & Schölmerich, 1985). Berlyne (1960) referred to an object’s exploration-inducing stimuli such as novelty or complexity, as “colla-tive variables” and considered them to be at the root of children’s purposeful exploratory behavior (Voss, 1985; Voss & Keller, 1983). The perception of these stimulus qualities, Berlyne proposed, leads to cognitive experiences, such as discrepancy, uncertainty, and conflict, which in turn guide exploratory behavior.

Keywords

Intrinsic Motivation Exploratory Behavior Reference Object Object Domain Interest Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berlyne, D.E. (1949). ‘Interest’ as a psychological concept. British Journal of Psychology, 39, 184–195.Google Scholar
  2. Berlyne, D. E. (1960). Conflict, arousal, and curiosity. New York: McGraw-Hill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). Beyond boredom and anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  5. Csikszentmihalyi M., & Rochberg-Halton, E. (1981). The meaning of things. Domestic symbols and the self Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Day, H.I., & Berlyne, D.E. (1971). Intrinsic Motivation. In G.S. Lesser (Ed.), Psychology and educational practice. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman and Company.Google Scholar
  7. Fink, B. (1989). Das konkrete Ding als Interessengegenstand. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  8. Fink, B. (1991). Interest development as structural change in person-object relationships. In L. Oppenheimer & J. Valsiner (Eds.), The origins of action: Interdisciplinary and international perspectives (p. 175–204). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Fink, B. (1992). Interessenentwicklung im Kindesalter aus der Sicht einer Person-Gegenstands-Konzeption. In M. Prenzel & A. Krapp (Eds.), Neuere Ansätze einer pädagogischpsychologischen Interessenforschung (p. 53–83). Münster: Aschendorff.Google Scholar
  10. Fink, B., & Krapp, A. (1986). Komponenten eines Modells zur Beschreibung der Interessenentwicklung als Veränderung von Person-Gegenstands-Beziehungen: Theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Befunde aus Fallanalysen. Beitrag zur Tagung der Arbeitsgruppe für Empirische Pädagogische Forschung (AEPF) in Fribourg, Schweiz, vom 17. bis 19. September 1986.Google Scholar
  11. Fink, B., & Forster, P. (1992). Die Bedeutung materieller Dinge in der häuslichen Lebensumwelt: Eine Pilotstudie. Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie, 6, 115–131.Google Scholar
  12. Fink, B., & Forster, P. (1993). The meaning of things in home environments: a pilot study. The German Journal of Psychology, 17, 81–83.Google Scholar
  13. Fink, B., Schiefele, U., & Krapp, A. (1985). Zur wechselseitigen Abhängigkeit von sozialen und gegenständlichen Bezügen im Kindesalter. Beitrag zur Arbeitstagung Pädagogische Psychologie, Trier, 25./26. September 1985.Google Scholar
  14. Gottfredson, L. S. (1981). Circumscription and compromise: A developmental theory of occupational aspirations. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 28, 545–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hunt, J. McV. (1965). Intrinsic motivation and its role in psychological development. In D. Levine (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (pp. 189–282). Lincoln: Nebraska University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hunt, J. McV. (1971). Toward a history of intrinsic motivation. In H. Day, D.E. Berlyne, & D.E. Hunt (Eds.), Intrinsic motivation: A new direction in education (pp. 1–32). Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
  17. Izard, C. E. (1977). Human emotions. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  18. Kasten, H. (1985). Beiträge zu einer Theorie der Interessenentwicklung. München: Habilitationsschrift.Google Scholar
  19. Keil, C. F. (1979). Semantic and conceptual development: An ontological perspective. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Keil, C. F. (1983). On the emergence of semantic and conceptual distictions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 112, 357–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Keller, H. (1981). Entwicklung explorativen Verhaltens im ersten Lebensjahr. In H.G. Voss & H. Keller (Eds.), Neugierforschung (pp. 56–79). Weinheim: Beltz.Google Scholar
  22. Keller, H., Föse, B., & Schölmerich, A. (1985). Materialanalyse explorationsinduzierender Objekte. In W. Einsiedler (Ed.), Aspekte des Kinderspiels (pp. 109–126). Weinheim: Beltz.Google Scholar
  23. Keller, H., Schölmerich, A., Miranda, D., & Gauda, G. (1987). The development of exploratory behavior in the first four years of life. In D. Görlitz & J.F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Curiosity, imagination, and play (pp. 127–150). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  24. Keller, J. A. (1987). Motivational aspects of exploratory behavior. In D. Görlitz & J.F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Curiosity, imagination and play (pp. 24–42). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  25. Krapp, A. (1989). Neuere Ansätze einer pädagogisch orientierten Interessenforschung. Empirische Pädagogik, 3, 233–255.Google Scholar
  26. Krapp, A. & Fink, B. (1986). The transition from family to kindergarten and its impact on person-object-relations. Paper presented at the 9th Int. Conference of the IAPS; Haifa, Israel, 7.–10.7.1986.Google Scholar
  27. Krapp, A. & Fink, B. (1992). The development and function of interests during the critical transition from the home to preschool. In K. A. Renninger, S. Hidi, & A. Krapp (Eds.), “Interest” in learning and development (p. 397–429). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  28. Lewin, K. (1954). Behavior and development as a function of the total situation. In L. Carmichael (Ed.), Manual of child psychology (pp. 918–970). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  29. Livson, N. (1967). Towards a differentiated construct of curiosity. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 111, 73–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. McReynolds, P., Acker, M., & Pietila, C. (1961). Relation of object curiosity to psychological adjustment in children. Child Development, 32, 393–400.Google Scholar
  31. Oerter, R. (1977). Moderne Entwicklungspsychologie. Donauwörth: Ludwig Auer.Google Scholar
  32. Oerter, R. (1981). Entwicklung. In H. Schiefele & A. Krapp (Eds.), Handlexikon zur pädagogischen Psychologie (pp. 100–107). München: Ehrenwirth.Google Scholar
  33. Oerter, R. (1987). Entwicklung der Motivation und Handlungssteuerung. In R. Oerter & L. Montada (Eds.), Entwicklungspsychologie (pp. 637–695). München/Weinheim: Psychologie Verlags Union.Google Scholar
  34. Papousek, M. (1984). Wurzeln der kindlichen Bindung an Personen und Dinge: Die Rolle der integrativen Prozesse. In C. Eggers (Ed.), Bindungen und Besitzdenken beim Kleinkind (pp. 155–184). München: Urban & Schwarzenberg.Google Scholar
  35. Papousek, M., Papousek, H., & Harris, B. J. (1987). The emergence of play in parentinfant interaction. In D. Görlitz & J.F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Curiosity, imagination, and play (pp. 215–246). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  36. Prenzel, M. (1988). Die Wirkungsweise von Interesse. Ein Erklärungsversuch aus pädagogischer Sicht. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  37. Prenzel, M., Krapp, A. & Schiefele, H. (1986). Grundzüge einer pädagogischen Interessentheorie. Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, 32, 163–173.Google Scholar
  38. Renninger, K. A. (1989). Individual patterns in children’s play interests. In L.T. Winegar (Ed.), Social interaction and the development of social understanding (pp. 147–172). New York: Ablex.Google Scholar
  39. Renninger, K. A. (1990). Children’s play interests, representation, and activity. In R. Fivush & J. Hudson (Eds.), Knowing and remembering in young children. Cambridge, MASS: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Roe, A. (1957). Early determinants of vocational choice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 4, 212–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Roe, A. & Siegelmann, M. (1964). The origin of interests. Washington: American Personnel and Guidance Association.Google Scholar
  42. Schiefele, H., Prenzel, M., Krapp, A., Heiland, A., & Kasten, H. (1983). Zur Konzeption einer pädagogischen Theorie des Interesses. Arbeiten zur Empirischen Pädagogik und Pädagogischen Psychologie, Gelbe Reihe, Nr. 6. München: Universität München und UniBw.Google Scholar
  43. Todt, E. (1985). Theorie der Interessenentwicklung. Manuskript für Workshop “Interesse”, 8–10.3.1985, Gießen.Google Scholar
  44. Travers, R.M.W. (1978). Children’s interests. Kalamazoo: Western Michigan University.Google Scholar
  45. Voss, H.G. (1985). Zum Handlungssystem Exploration-Spiel in der frühen Kindheit. In W. Einsiedler (Ed.), Aspekte des Kinderspiels (pp. 97–108). Weinheim: Beltz.Google Scholar
  46. Voss, H.G. & Keller, H. (1983). Curiosity and exploration. Theories and results. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  47. Wapner, S. (1981). Transactions of persons-in-environments: Some critical transitions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, I, 223–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wapner, S. (1987). A holistic, developmental, systems-oriented environmental psychology: Some beginnings. In D. Stokols & J. Altman (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Psychology (pp. 1433–1465). New York: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  49. Werner, H. (1957). The concept of development from a comparative and organismic point of view. In D. B. Harris (Ed.), The concept of development (pp. 125–148). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  50. Werner, H. (1959). Einführung in die Entwicklungspsychologie. München: Barth.Google Scholar
  51. White, R. W. (1959). Motivation reconsidered: The concept of competence. Psychological Review, 66, 297–333.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. White, R. W. (1960). Competence and the psychosexual stages of development. In M. R. Jones (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (pp. 97–141). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benedykt Fink

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations