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Aluminium Exposure and Health Risks

  • M. Wilhelm
  • F. K. Ohnesorge
Conference paper

Abstract

Aluminium (A1) is the most abundant metal. It is present in tap water, beverages, food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical preparations. Human exposure is unavoidable. An essential role has not been established but the element is now known to be toxic.

Keywords

Microcytic Anemia Provisional Tolerable Weekly Intake Total Diet Study Intake Total Diet Excretory Renal Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Gitelman HJ (ed) (1989) Aluminum and health. Marcel Dekker New York BaselGoogle Scholar
  2. Höhr D, Abel J, Wilhelm H (1989) Renal clearance of aluminium: studies in the isolated perfused rat kidney. Toxicol Lett 45:165–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jäger DE, Wilhelm M, Witte G, Ohnesorge FK (1991) Intestinal absorption of aluminium: studies in the isolated perfused rat intestinal preparation. J. Trace Elem. Electrolytes Health Dis. 5:81–85Google Scholar
  4. Lewis TE (ed) (1989) Environmental chemistry and toxicology of aluminum. Lewis Publishers Chelsea MichiganGoogle Scholar
  5. WHO (1989) WHO food additives series: 24. Cambridge University Press Cambridge New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Wilhelm M, Sprenger KBG, Vossas U, Ohnesorge FK (1987) Aluminum load in chronic intermittent plasma exchange. Clin Toxicol 25:209–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  8. Wilhelm M, Dieter HH (1991) Vorkommen, Bedeutung und Nachweis von Aluminium. In: Aurand K et al. (eds) Die Trinkwasserverordnung. E Schmidt Verlag BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Wilhelm
    • 1
  • F. K. Ohnesorge
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ToxicologyHeinrich-Heine-University DüsseldorfDüsseldorf 1Germany

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