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Leukemias pp 285-288 | Cite as

Morphology of Megakaryocytes in Chronic Myeloproliferative Diseases

  • J. Dušek
  • K. Indrák
  • V. Ščudla
  • M. Jarošová
Conference paper

Abstract

Chronic myeloproliferative diseases are often characterized by proliferation of more than one cell line, which indicates involvement of the pluripotent noncommitted cell in the origin of the disorders. Megakaryocyte proliferation is often remarkable and has been repeatedly described in diseases such as polycythaemia vera, in many cases of chronic myelosis and in myelodysplastic syndromes [1–3]. The proliferating megakaryocytes are often dysplastic especially in cases of so-called granulocytic-megakaryocytic leukaemia [4]. In histological sections, megakaryocytes show increased pleiomorphism with an increase of small, large and senescent megakaryocytes. The usual features of megakaryocyte dysplasia are the presence of large hypolobated nuclei with pale chromatin and prominent nucleoli. The number of megakaryocytic mitoses is increased. Electron microscopy reveals, in addition to the immature appearance of nuclei, abnormalities in the cytoplasm, especially focal absence of the canalicular demarcation system and an uneven distribution of the platelet granules.

Keywords

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Polycythemia Vera Silver Nitrate Solution Myeloproliferative Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Dušek
    • 1
  • K. Indrák
  • V. Ščudla
  • M. Jarošová
  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Department of Clinical Haematology and the Third Medical ClinicFaculty HospitalOlomoucCzechoslovakia

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